Presentation on theme: "Family Structures. Image of a Family Our image of a family may come from: ► Our own family ► Television ► Movies ► Your friend’s family Most families."— Presentation transcript:
Image of a Family Our image of a family may come from: ► Our own family ► Television ► Movies ► Your friend’s family Most families do not show “real” life to outsiders
Family ► Consist of two or more people living in the s same household that are related by blood, marriage or adoption.
Functions of a Family ► 1. Provides for the physical needs of family members, including sharing of economic resources ► 2. Nurtures the educational needs including literacy, mental, vocational and social skills. ► 3. Meets the emotional needs of all family members, including the need to feel loved and accepted.
Single Person ► May live alone or with roommates ► Maintains bonds with family members or close friends if have no living family
Single Person ► May come and go as they please ► Time to devote to one’s career and interests
Dink Family or Couples ► Dink – Double Income, no kids ► Time to focus on just each other or their careers ► Careers of the individuals could conflict with each other
Nuclear Family ► A mother and a father and their children ► Sometimes referred to as the traditional family
Nuclear Family ► Household and child care responsibilities are shared ► Children receive the support of both parents ► Have an example of both the roles of mother and father on a daily basis
Single-Parent Family ► An adult with one or more children. This family structure is growing in the United States. ► Single-Parent families exist because of divorce, death of the spouse, or never being married.
Single-Parent Family ► Some provide all the income for the family and manage all the household responsibilities ► The adults need contact with other adults and the children need contact with individuals of the absent parent.
Extended Family ► A family where grandparents, aunts, uncles, parents and children all live together. Not as common today as in the past.
Blended Families ► A husband and wife, at least one of whom has a children from a previous marriage. ► Adjustments must be made by both children and adults.
Adoptive Families ► A family in which the children are not the biological children of the couple. ► The adopted child takes on the family’s last name and has all the legal rights that a birth child has.
Legal Guardians ► A person who has the financial and legal responsibility for the care of the child. ► Parents may have died ► Parents not able to care for the child
Foster Family ► Takes care of the children on a temporary basis. ► Children may be awaiting for adoption ► Need a temporary place to stay because of family problems ► Usually licensed by the state
Stages of the of the Family Life Cycle
Starting as a Couple ► Time to get to know each other ► Time to learn to think and act as a team ► Must work out a relationship with extended family members and friends ► Need to discuss the following: Housing and Furnishings Education and Careers Money Children
Parental Stage – Expanding ► New members are added to the family ► Most of the family time is focused on the children and home life ► Children add additional expenses to the budget Child Care, Medical Care, Food & Clothing
Parental Stage – Developing ► Children enter school and have more activities that focus outside the home ► Family pace is often very busy, especially as the children move into their teen years
Parental State – Launching ► Occurs when the children start to leave home and be on their own ► For some families, older children return home before the youngest have left ► Over one half of the adults, ages 20 to 24 live with their parents
Middle Years – Empty Nest ► Family becomes a couple again ► Some parents feel lost and without purpose and others enjoy their new-found freedom ► Now have time to enjoy hobbies and special interests ► Many parents at this stage now have to care for their elderly parents
Retirement Years ► Some look forward to this stage, others do not ► Their career usually ends and many have no interests to fill in the time ► Must adjust to aging, health problems and lower income ► Some discover simple pleasures they had never thought of before
Benefits of Family Living ► 1. Satisfy physical needs – including food, clothing, shelter and medical care ► 2. Source of protection – protect you from harm or danger
Benefits of Family Living ► 3. Provide long-lasting relationships – will always have a sense of belonging ► 4. Source of love and affection – these bonds of love and affection last a lifetime
Benefits of Family Living ► 5. Provide support and encouragement – ties in families are strong, they want you to succeed. ► 6. Provide companionship – similar backgrounds and interests. Build ties that remain strong even through change