2Image of a Family Our image of a family may come from: Our own family TelevisionMoviesYour friend’s familyMost families do not show “real” life to outsiders
3FamilyConsist of two or more people living in the s same household that are related by blood, marriage or adoption.
4Functions of a Family1. Provides for the physical needs of family members, including sharing of economic resources2. Nurtures the educational needs including literacy, mental, vocational and social skills.3. Meets the emotional needs of all family members, including the need to feel loved and accepted.
5Single Person May live alone or with roommates Maintains bonds with family members or close friends if have no living family
6Single Person May come and go as they please Time to devote to one’s career and interests
7Dink Family or Couples Dink – Double Income, no kids Time to focus on just each other or their careersCareers of the individuals could conflict with each other
8Nuclear Family A mother and a father and their children Sometimes referred to as the traditional family
9Nuclear Family Household and child care responsibilities are shared Children receive the support of both parentsHave an example of both the roles of mother and father on a daily basis
10Single-Parent FamilyAn adult with one or more children. This family structure is growing in the United States.Single-Parent families exist because of divorce, death of the spouse, or never being married.
11Single-Parent FamilySome provide all the income for the family and manage all the household responsibilitiesThe adults need contact with other adults and the children need contact with individuals of the absent parent.
12Extended FamilyA family where grandparents, aunts, uncles, parents and children all live together. Not as common today as in the past.
13Blended FamiliesA husband and wife, at least one of whom has a children from a previous marriage.Adjustments must be made by both children and adults.
14Adoptive FamiliesA family in which the children are not the biological children of the couple.The adopted child takes on the family’s last name and has all the legal rights that a birth child has.
15Legal GuardiansA person who has the financial and legal responsibility for the care of the child.Parents may have diedParents not able to care for the child
16Foster Family Takes care of the children on a temporary basis. Children may be awaiting for adoptionNeed a temporary place to stay because of family problemsUsually licensed by the state
18Starting as a Couple Time to get to know each other Time to learn to think and act as a teamMust work out a relationship with extended family members and friendsNeed to discuss the following:Housing and FurnishingsEducation and CareersMoneyChildren
19Parental Stage – Expanding New members are added to the familyMost of the family time is focused on the children and home lifeChildren add additional expenses to the budgetChild Care, Medical Care, Food & Clothing
20Parental Stage – Developing Children enter school and have more activities that focus outside the homeFamily pace is often very busy, especially as the children move into their teen years
21Parental State – Launching Occurs when the children start to leave home and be on their ownFor some families, older children return home before the youngest have leftOver one half of the adults, ages 20 to 24 live with their parents
22Middle Years – Empty Nest Family becomes a couple againSome parents feel lost and without purpose and others enjoy their new-found freedomNow have time to enjoy hobbies and special interestsMany parents at this stage now have to care for their elderly parents
23Retirement Years Some look forward to this stage, others do not Their career usually ends and many have no interests to fill in the timeMust adjust to aging, health problems and lower incomeSome discover simple pleasures they had never thought of before
24Benefits of Family Living 1. Satisfy physical needs – including food, clothing, shelter and medical care2. Source of protection – protect you from harm or danger
25Benefits of Family Living 3. Provide long-lasting relationships – will always have a sense of belonging4. Source of love and affection – these bonds of love and affection last a lifetime
26Benefits of Family Living 5. Provide support and encouragement – ties in families are strong, they want you to succeed.6. Provide companionship – similar backgrounds and interests. Build ties that remain strong even through change