Presentation on theme: "THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION"— Presentation transcript:
1 THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION Format and Function
2 FORMAT - REVIEWThe United States Constitution is written in nine sections:PreambleArticle I – Legislative BranchArticle II – Executive BranchArticle III – Judicial BranchArticle IV – Full Faith and CreditArticle V – Amendment ProcessArticle VI – Previous Debts & Supremacy ClauseArticle VII – Ratification27 Amendments
3 Physical FormatEach Article of the Constitution is set up in the same outline fashion where neededARTICLE (Main overriding topic – i.e. LEGISLATIVE BRANCH)SECTION (Specific subtopic – i.e. SENATE)CLAUSE (Specific item to be addressed – i.e. METHOD OF ELECTION)Each part has a purpose, and they become more specific as they go down the line, just like an outline
4 WHAT DOES IT MEAN? We have already discussed the Preamble… “We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”What about the rest of the document?Simply put – the Constitution is the BLUEPRINT/FORMAT FOR THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT.
5 ARTICLE I The Legislative Branch Sets up a bicameral legislature House of RepresentativesSenateFirst article, because the founders felt it would be tied the closest to the people.There are ten sections in the Article regarding the Legislative BranchLongest Article of the Constitution by farArticle 8 is the most specific (and maybe important) as it lists 18+ specific powers (ENUMERATED) granted to CongressNecessary and Proper Clause – Article I, Section 8, Clause 18
6 ARTICLE II The Executive Branch Establishes an executive position (President) for the United States GovernmentFour sectionsImportant pointsArticle II, Section 1, Clause 1 – Grant of powerArticle II, Section 1, Clause 2 – Electoral CollegeArticle II, Section 1, Clause 5 – QualificationsArticle II, Section 2 & 3 – Presidential Powers & AppointmentsArticle II, Section 4 - Impeachment
7 ARTICLE III The Judicial Branch Establishes the Supreme Court and such inferior courts as Congress deems necessarySection 1 – Terms of OfficeSection 2 – JurisdictionExclusive JurisdictionAppellate JurisdictionConcurrent JurisdictionSection 3 – TreasonOnly crime specifically mentioned in the US ConstitutionThe case of Marbury v. Madison (1803) establishes the idea of Judicial Review
8 ARTICLE IV Full Faith and Credit Four Sections Establishes the idea that legal proceedings in one state are valid in all statesOther sections discuss the idea and process for admitting new states to the Union and the protections the states will be afforded by the National GovernmentExamples of protections – guaranteed form of republican government, protection from invasion, both by people in and out of the State or Country.
9 ARTICLE V Provisions or Amending the Constitution Propose an Amendment 2/3 both chambers of CongressNational Convention called by the request of 2/3 of state legislaturesRatify an Amendment3/4 of the state votes3/4 of the states in convention
10 ARTICLE VI Validity of Debts All debts previously garnered by the US government are still validSupremacy ClauseThe US Constitution is the final say in laws in the United States – nothing can contradict itOath of OfficeElected people can be required to take an oath of office to support the Constitution, but a religious promise CANNOT be part of that oath.
11 ARTICLE VIIRatification (acceptance) of the Constitution by nine states shall put the Constitution into effect
12 AMENDMENTS Amendment = change to the Constitution First ten amendments – BILL OF RIGHTSVoting Amendments15, 17, 19, 23, 24, 2614th Amendment – Rights of the Citizens, Equal Protection Clause16th Amendment – Income Tax25th Amendment – Presidential Succession27th Amendment (1992) – Legislative Compensation