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© FTB, 2005 E-Accessibility in Germany: acts and ordinances, outcome of benchmarking and activities Policies and Legislations in favour of e- accessibility in Europe, Nice, March 27.+28. 2003 Rainer Wallbruch
© FTB, 2005 Background
© FTB, 2005 Background Since 1995 guidelines on barrier free Internet design on FTB homepage FTB dept. Universal Design e-Accessibility delegate www.ftb-net.de www.abi-projekt.de wob11.de www.universelles -design.de
© FTB, 2005 Steps in German Legislation 1994 l In Basic Constitutional Law added (Grundgesetz article 3, paragraph 3) : –"It is not allowed to put someone at a disadvantage because of his/her disability." 2001 l Code of Social Law, SGB IX, changed: Rehabilitation and Participation of Disabled People –arrangement of rights governed by social law –Self-determination: participation instead of rehabilitational integration 2002 l Act on Equal Opportunities for Disabled (BGG) l Different Ordinances (BITV, VBD, KHV and others) Participation Change of Paradigm Medical Model Social Model
© FTB, 2005 Social model Change of Paradigm Medical model Assistive TechnologyParticipation Design for all ICD Health care Charity ICF Ability and context User empowerment Participation Human rights Accessibility Rehabilitation Technology ICIDH Functional and problem orientation Integration
© FTB, 2005 German Legislative Framework Anti Discrimination clause in the constitution Art.3 (3) Labour + REHAPublic Sector Private Sector SchwbBAG SGB IX BGG (Act on Equal Opportunities for Disabled) BITV Ordinance
© FTB, 2005 Bundesbehinderten- gleichstellungsgesetz Art 1, Section 1: general requirements §1 Objective: remove discrimination, facilitate equal participation and independent living § 2 Women with disabilities: equal rights § 3 Disability: Definition (SGBIX) § 4 Barrier free access: Definition § 5 Targeted Agreements: Instrument § 6 Sign language and other alternative means for communication
© FTB, 2005 BGG (2) Art 1, Section 2: Obligation for equal treatment and barrier free access § 7 Objective: Anti-discrimination in interaction with public administration/ authorities (Federal Level) § 8 Barrier free building and transportation § 9 Sign language and communication aids § 10 printed official information and forms § 11 Barrier free Information Technology
© FTB, 2005 BGG (3) Art 1, Section 3: Legal measures § 12/13 court representation and right of user organisations to take to court Art 1, Section 4: Representative (counsellor)of the Federal Government for disability issues § 14/15 Role and tasks of the representative Art 1a - Art 54: Changes of other laws Art 55/56 Final instruction and enactement
© FTB, 2005 BGG (4) Enacted: generally May, 1, 2002 (Artikel 1a, 2 and 3 1.1. 2003) Subsequent decrees until 3 moths after enactment (hence end of July 2002)
© FTB, 2005 Barrier free Access infrastructures and devices normally Barrier free are if they are accessible and usable for by people with disabilities.
© FTB, 2005 infrastructures and devices normally Barrier free are if they are accessible and usable for by people with disabilities. - as usual, - without significant increase of difficulty - and in principle without assistance built and other constructions, transportation, technical equipment, systems for information processing, audio and visual information sources and communication facilities and other built living environments, Barrier free Access
© FTB, 2005 BGG § 11 Barrierfree Information Technology l Public sector (federal level) implements step by step –Internet presentations (including publicly available Intranet) and graphical user interfaces –According to the decree BITV: Enactment of BITV 24.7.2002 l Agreements with commercial providers –by established (certified) user organisations –can force negotiations –agreements will be registered
© FTB, 2005 BITV l In force since 24. 7. 2002 l relates to WAI Content Guidelines 1.0 –English version: http://www.bmgs.bund.de/eng/gra/sicherheit/index_3562.cfm –In html with links to glossary, explanation and WAI (in German): http://wob11.de/gesetze/a_bitv.html
© FTB, 2005 BITV --> Requirements -> Prioritised Conditions --> Comformance Levels Conformance Checkpoints in 2 Priorities Priority I, basic requirement removes significant Barriers, mandatory (= WAI priority 1+2, A + AA) Priority II simplifies access, for central navigation sites (= WAI priority 3, AAA) I + II I
© FTB, 2005 BITV-Requirements 1-7 A1. Für jeden Audio- oder visuellen Inhalt sind geeignete äquivalente Inhalte bereitzustellen, die den gleichen Zweck oder die gleiche Funktion wie der originäre Inhalt erfüllen. A2. Texte und Graphiken müssen auch dann verständlich sein, wenn sie ohne Farbe betrachtet werden. A3. Markup-Sprachen (insbesondere HTML) und Stylesheets sind entsprechend ihrer Spezifikationen und formalen Definitionen zu verwenden. A4. Sprachliche Besonderheiten wie Wechsel der Sprache oder Abkürzungen sind erkennbar zu machen.. A5. Tabellen sind mittels der vorgesehenen Elemente der verwendeten Markup-Sprache zu beschreiben und in der Regel nur zur Darstellung tabellarischer Daten zu verwenden. A6. Internetangebote müssen auch dann nutzbar sein, wenn der verwendete Benutzeragent neuere Technologien nicht unterstützt oder diese deaktiviert sind. A7. Zeitgesteuerte Änderungen des Inhalts müssen durch die Nutzerin, den Nutzer kontrollierbar sein.
© FTB, 2005 BITV-Requirements 8-14 A8. Die direkte Zugänglichkeit der in Internetangeboten eingebetteten Benutzerschnittstellen ist sicherzustellen. A9. Internetangebote sind so zu gestalten, dass Funktionen unabhängig vom Eingabegerät oder Ausgabegerät nutzbar sind. A10. Die Verwendbarkeit von nicht mehr dem jeweils aktuellen Stand der Technik entsprechenden assistiven Technologien und Browsern ist sicherzustellen, so weit der hiermit verbundene Aufwand nicht unverhältnismäßig ist. A11. Die zur Erstellung des Internetangebots verwendeten Technologien sollen öffentlich zugänglich und vollständig dokumentiert sein, wie z.B.die vom World Wide Web Consortium entwickelten Technologien. A12. Der Nutzerin, dem Nutzer sind Informationen zum Kontext und zur Orientierung bereitzustellen. A13. Navigationsmechanismen sind übersichtlich und schlüssig zu gestalten. A14. Das allgemeine Verständnis der angebotenen Inhalte ist durch angemessene Maßnahmen zu fördern.
© FTB, 2005 Differences between BITV and WCAG 1.0 l BITV to a great extend is a translation of WCAG 1.0 guidelines and checkpoints except: –German condition 2.3 (PII) is not a checkpoint in WCAG 1.0 contrast not only for pictures (PI) but also for text (PII) (WCAG 1.0: both in 2.2) –German condition 11.3 (PI) corresponds with WCAG 1.0 checkpoint 11.4 if an accessible page is not possible provide a link to an alternative page –German condition 11.4 (PII) corresponds with WCAG 1.0 checkpoint 11.3 documents according to users preferences
© FTB, 2005 BITV Standards for Sites of Federal Authorities New Sites (and substantial relaunches) BITV P I (WAI-P1 + WAI-P2, hence Conformance AA). One Access path BITV PI, immediately Existing Sites for updated sites BITV PI (2005) (for special info for people with disabilities 2003) Central entrance and navigation sites BITV PI and PII (WAI-P1 + P2 + P3, also AAA).
© FTB, 2005 Impact of BGG and BITV For the first time with BITV a standard for barrier free internet in Germany is accepted å public sector federal government Landesgleichstellungsgesetzte -> States, municipalities å companies in the public sector (public transportation, energy etc.) å public funded cultural and scientific institutions å socially orientiented companies (social insurance, social associations, self-help organisations, charity, health care) l Enterprises with Corporate Social Responsibility
© FTB, 2005 State Legislation (LGGs) l In force before BGG –Berlin (17.05.1999) –Sachsen-Anhalt (20.11.2001) l Drafts –Baden-Württemberg § 10 –Hamburg § 7 –Mecklenburg-Vorpommern –Niedersachsen § 11 –Thüringen l In force –Bayern (09.07.2003)§ 13 –Brandenburg (24.05.2004) § 9 –Bremen (09.12.2003) § 9 –Hessen (20.12.2004) § 7 –NRW (11.12.2003) § 10 –Rheinland-Pfalz (31.12.2002)§ 7 –Saarland (26.11.2003) § 8 –Sachsen (29.042004) § 7 –Schleswig-Holstein (21.12.2002)§ 12 New LGGs follow BGG. Barrierfree Information Technology included. To be applied on state level including municipalities, examples:
© FTB, 2005 Challenges Ahead Implementation of BITV (support, training) Private sector (targeted agreements) Update W3C official translation of new guidelines Benchmarking
© FTB, 2005 Other Ordinances in Accordance with the Act on Equal Opportunities for Disabled Persons l Ordinance on Making Documents Accessible to Blind and Visually Impaired Persons in Administrative Procedures (VBD) –Related to BGG § 10 –Official notes, public legal contracts and forms have to be barrierfree for blind and visually impaired: in a written (large print, high contrast, braille), electronic (BITV), acoustical, oral (read) or other form l Ordinance on the Use of Sign Language and Other Communication Aids in Administrative Procedures (KHV) –Related to BGG § 9 –Right to have an interpreter (for sign language and other forms) for administrative acts
© FTB, 2005 Aktionsbündnis barrierefreie Informationstechnik The project: http://www.abi-projekt.de The help site: http://wob11.de Both sites in German language Alliance for barrierfree Information Technology in Germany
© FTB, 2005 Objectives: l barrierfree Internet in Germany with special focus on labour related content l consideration of all types of disability l Co-operation of all interested parties l Harmonisation and quality assurance l Awareness and support of the implementation
© FTB, 2005 Start: 1.9.2002 l 3 Mitglieder (members): project consortium l 8 Partner (partners): consensus building l 41 Unterstützer (supporters): net of supporters l further organisations are invited to join Project information: http://www.abi-projekt.de Web ohne Barrieren Portal: http://wob11.de Numbers as to 5.2003 supported by BMGS
© FTB, 2005 Members and Partners
© FTB, 2005 Supporters
© FTB, 2005 Portfolio l Test of Websites l Advice and hands-on seminars l Training and information events l Comprehensive online information: http://wob11.de l Networking and Harmonisation l Public relations l Benchmarking study l Support to user NGOs
© FTB, 2005 Target Audience Public sector with web-presentation (private sector with web- presentation) Web designer and software developers CD-ROM-presenters and developers Employers and company based worker unions
© FTB, 2005 Advice Portfolio of the Partners Pre-tests (short analysis) and basic advice Comprehensive tests and analysis Comprehensive test reporting Design Support for new sites Basis for test and advice: BGG § 11 - BITV Qualified advice teams
© FTB, 2005 Benchmarking l study of public websites l taking up the requirements and recommendations of the eAccessibility group to produce comparable benchmarks in the European Member States l data have been collected in –December 2002, where the BITV decree was in force for 6 months –December 2003 –December 2004 (still in evaluation)
© FTB, 2005 Benchmarking II l Sample: 60 Sites have been selected –nearly half federal authorities (34 pages) and half states an cities/ municipalities (26 pages) l basis for the tests have been the German BITV and WAI WCAG 1.0 l test battery: –different semiautomatic tools –expert tests
© FTB, 2005 Benchmarking Results l 2002: –None of the pages met BITV Priority I (WAI AA) (1 actually did one day, lost it the next day due to updates) –2 of the pages met WAI A –16 of the 60 pages have been very close to AA, but significant barriers remaining –Indication, that the legislation takes effect: Out of the 16 pages 13 have been from federal authorities, for who the BITV is mandatory. (Note: The BITV requires only new sites to conform immediately, others by the end of 2005, content dedicated to people with disabilities by the end of 2003)
© FTB, 2005 Benchmarking Results II l 2003: –None of the pages met BITV Priority I (WAI AA) –5 of the pages nearly met WAI A and a lot of AA-checkpoints but significant barriers remaining –4 of the 5 pages have been from federal authorities –Indication, that the legislation takes effect: Among the 10 best pages 8 have been from federal authorities (federal in total = 34, ) Among the 30 best pages 25 have been from federal authorities
© FTB, 2005 Benchmarking Results III Discussion: l Same test method used for both surveys l Method is very sensitive to deviation from BITV and registers even small mistakes l In 2003 more federal pages show a dealing with barrierfree webdesign and steps for realisation than in 2002 but: –Evidently concepts for sustainability are missed so that many small mistakes lead to an inferior result than in 2002 due to the sensitive test method
© FTB, 2005 Public area: BIENE-award l Approach: German award for barrierfree websites (done by 2 foundations: Aktion Mensch and Stiftung Digitale-Chancen) l BIENE: Barrierefreies Internet eröffnet neue Einsichten (Barrierfree internet opens up new understanding) –Not only focussed on federal sites –Not only focussed on BITV / WCAG included criteria within 200 test steps: BITV, WCAG 1.0, WCAG 2.0, ISO/TS 16071, ILSMH (guideline for simple language), TechDis (guideline dyslexia), NCAM SALT (guideline for barrierfree E-Learning)
© FTB, 2005 Public area: BIENE-award categories l E-Commerce l E-Government l Media l Culture and society l Science and research l 3 special prises
© FTB, 2005 Public area: BIENE-award l 2003: –173 applications, 61 after first exclusion test, 16 nominated l 2004: –more than 230 applications, 100 after first exclusion test (same as 1 year ago), 25 nominated l Differences and Outcome: –Reported: quality of applications on a substantial higher level than 2003 –Special prise for enhancing eAccessibility to a federal website (styleguide of the German Federal Armed Forces) –Indication for: problem awareness is grown up also in general public
© FTB, 2005 Challenges Today and for the Future l Barrier free Internet for all types of disabilities l Barrier free Internet as Design-Process l Coherent Standard for barrier free Internet on Federal and state level, international l Unified testing of barrier free Internet l Barrier free Internet in the private sector l Keeping up to date BITV l New Assistive Technology (e.g. Text-to- signing translator)
© FTB, 2005 Barrier free Access Makes information easily available improves acceptance creates social acknowledgement providesd competitive advantage Does not necessarily create more cost or effort is no contradiction to good design Dialog with users leads to better products
© FTB, 2005 Contact Rainer Wallbruch firstname.lastname@example.org Telefon: +49 (0) 2 33 5 / 96 81-10 Telefax: +49 (0) 2 33 5 / 96 81-19 Grundschöttelerstr. 40 58300 Wetter www.ftb-net.de wob11.de www.universelles-design.de
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