Presentation on theme: "Muslim Civilization The Spread of Islam The prophet Muhammad died in 632 AD In the next 150 years, Islam spread west across Northern Africa and into Spain."— Presentation transcript:
Muslim Civilization The Spread of Islam The prophet Muhammad died in 632 AD In the next 150 years, Islam spread west across Northern Africa and into Spain It also spread across the Middle East to the borders of India and China Merchants and traders spread Islam east and west In 717, Arab Muslims attacked Constantinople In 732, Arabs were defeated in France at the Battle of Tours. That battle stopped the spread of Islam across Europe.
The Golden Age The Golden Age of Islam was a time of advances and success The Islamic Empire of 800-1100 AD was wealthy from trade. The capital, Baghdad, was a trade center. Islamic rulers called caliphs expanded the empire through trade and conquest.
The Golden Age Muslim scholars made many contributions to society 1.Math- Invented algebra, created number system we use today, made contributions to study of geometry 2.Medicine- Created first hospitals, trained first pharmacists 3. Made contributions to science and literature also.
Muslim Civilization The Ottoman Empire The power of the caliphs lasted from 800-1100 AD Like other rich empires, the Islamic Empire was attacked. Mongols and Seljuk Turks attacked Baghdad. In 1258, the last caliph was killed, and Baghdad was captured. The Ottoman Turks, a different Muslim civilization, captured much of the Islamic Empire in the 1300s and then conquered Constantinople in 1453. The Muslim world was united under the Ottomans and the Ottoman leader, the Sultan. The Ottomans were tolerant of Christians and Jews living in the Empire. The Ottoman Empire grew wealthy through conquest and trade.