Presentation on theme: "Homework: Complete Bioaccumulation w/s…Show your work Be prepared for 35% nitrogen/carbon cycle mini-quiz next class period (study jams) Nutrition/food."— Presentation transcript:
Homework: Complete Bioaccumulation w/s…Show your work Be prepared for 35% nitrogen/carbon cycle mini-quiz next class period (study jams) Nutrition/food retest Wednesday 4/29 am/pm/enrichment DateSessionActivitypage 4/21-22 4Food Webs Ecological Pyramids 8 Classwork Quiz9 4/23-24 5Carbon Cycle10 Nitrogen Cycle11 Warm Up: Look at the warning label on your desk. Why are some types of fish included in the warning And others are not?
8.L.3 Understand how organisms interact with and respond to the biotic and abiotic components of their environment 8.3.3 Explain how the flow of energy within food webs is interconnected with the cycling of matter (including water, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and oxygen) TLW complete quiz about population dynamics & food webs, then brainstorm Carbon and Nitrogen cycles, & recreate those cycles in play doh quizzes
Bioaccumulation: Process where plants/animals take up a chemical from the environment and do not excrete it. The chemical builds up in the organisms over time to a potentially lethal level. Biomagnification: Higher concentrations of a chemical in organisms at higher levels in the food chain (at higher trophic levels.) As a result the chemical’s concentration is magnified from trophic level to trophic level. Available energy decreases as one moves up a food chain, concentration of toxins increases
Putting together what you already know Energy is changed as it moves through a food web/chain. Energy flows one way, no recycling Matter is recycled as it moves through a food web. The most common elements on earth are carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and hydrogen. These elements, along with water, cycle between biotic and abiotic elements of the environment. This cycling is done through familiar processes!
Carbon Cycle Diagram Carbon Cycle Notes Recreate the carbon cycle with clay Use arrows and label the processes the arrows represent
Carbon Cycle Diagram Carbon Cycle Notes Photosynthesis (plants): Move C from air to living organisms Respiration (living things): C moved into atmosphere & oceans Diffusion: atmosphere C oceans Decomposition: Decomposers move C to soil, atmosphere & oceans Incomplete decay fossil fuel storage of C (coal/oil) Combustion: Burning fossil fuels or other organic material moves C into atmosphere OCEANS: CO 2 used in sea shells, also ends up in sed. rock: limestone
Photosynthesis moves C from the atmosphere & oceans into living organisms CO 2 + H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + O 2 Respiration moves C from the living organisms into the atmosphere & oceans C 6 H 12 O 6 + O 2 CO 2 + H 2 O
Decomposition Decomposers move C to soil, atmosphere & oceans Incomplete Decomposition fossil fuel storage of C (coal/oil)
Carbon is also in the Oceans!! Animals in the ocean also pull carbon from water (dissolved CO 2 ) to use in their shells (CaCO 3 ) When they die, their shells are deposited at the bottom of the ocean. The shells become the sedimentary rock: limestone. Oceans contain earth’s LARGEST store of carbon
Nitrogen Cycle p11 Nitrogen Cycle Notes Nitrogen fixation : N 2 in atmosphere is broken down and bonded with H or O (NH 3 /N 2 O) Bacteria Lightning Industrial Ammonification bacteria decompose plant and animal matter into (NH 4 ) Nitrification Bacteria convert NH 3 NO 3 Denitrification = bacteria convert NO 3 N 2
Nitrogen cycle 4 processes Nitrogen fixation : N 2 in atmosphere are broken down and bonded with H or O (NH 3 /N 2 O) – Special Bacteria – Lightning – Industrial Ammonification (Decay) = decomposing plant and animal matter into (NH 4 ) Nitrification = bacteria convert NH 3 to NO 3 Denitrification = bacteria convert NO 3 into N 2
Nitrogen Fixation Special bacteria live in the soil or on root nodules of legumes (peas, beans, clover). They convert N 2 to NH 3. Now these special plants are able to use the nitrogen. This is a symbiotic relationship!
Nitrification Different bacteria in soil can convert NH 3 to NO 3. Other plants can now use this form of Nitrogen.
Nitrogen Fixation Energy from lightning breaks nitrogen molecules apart, so they can combine with oxygen (N 2 O), then dissolve in rain to create (NO 3 ), which is carried to the ground with the rain and deposited into the soil. Plants then absorb the nitrates and use them.
Nitrogen Fixation Industrial Production Chemical reactions are used to change the bonding of N 2 to NH 3 (fertilizer)
Ammonification Decomposition plant and animal matter into (NH 4 )
Denitrification A third type of bacteria converts nitrates (NO 3) to atmospheric nitrogen (N 2 ), which is returned to the air!
Human Impact carbon Fossil Fuel naturally release carbon very slowly BURNING fossil fuels releases stored carbon very quickly. Burning anything (trees, oil, etc) releases CO 2 into the atmosphere. 1.CO 2 gas dissolves in rain drops, making them more acidic…acid rain affects plants & aquatic life 2.Increasing CO 2 in the atmosphere increases global warming. 3.As more CO 2 dissolves into oceans, they become more acidic (ocean acidification) Limestone and SHELLS dissolve in acidic solutions.
Human Impact….nitrogen Human activities have doubled the amount of fixed nitrogen entering the nitrogen cycle in the past 100 years Fertilizer runoff into surface water causes algae blooms…eutrophication (pond scum) Fertilizer increases the rate of nitrification in the soil, increasing NO x to the air, which dissolves in rain drops and causes acid rain
Stop motion paper nitrogen cycle video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6GLIzlUD-zw
Study videos http://www.classzone.com/books/ml_science_s hare/vis_sim/em05_pg20_nitrogen/em05_pg20 _nitrogen.swf http://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jam s/science/index.htm