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Presentation on theme: "Composition"— Presentation transcript:

1 Composition

2 What Makes a Good Photo?

3 Why?








11 What makes a great photo? ? ?????

12 5 Basic Guidelines Fill the Frame Simplicity The Rule of Thirds Point of View Framing

13 Fill the Frame Empty spaces can be used effectively. But shots that are filled with interest are more pleasing.

14 Get in Close !

15 Fill the Frame

16 Simplicity Give the center of interest the most visual attention. Your reason for taking the picture should be clearly seen. Arrange in such a way as to complement the center of interest Complicated backgrounds will steal attention from subjects.

17 Keep It Simple



20 Rule of Thirds Break an image down into thirds horizontally and vertically. This grid identifies four important parts of the image that contain points of interest.


22 How Could This Picture Be Improved?


24 Rule of Thirds People’s eyes naturally go to intersecting points rather than the center of a shot. Using the rule of thirds enables a viewer to interact naturally.

25 Rule of Thirds and Room to Move A moving subject naturally leads the eye in the direction of motion. The space in front of a moving subject is ‘active space.’ Active space helps create balance, drama and anticipation in your shot.

26 How Could This Picture Be Improved?

27 Improvements

28 Point of View Changing an angle can impact the feeling of the size of your subject. A variety of perspectives is only limited by your imagination. Different perspectives can reveal more light, shade and patterns.

29 Point of View Before After

30 Point of View Before After

31 Point of View Before After





36 Framing Framing is the technique of drawing attention to the subject of an image by blocking other parts of the image with something in the scene.

37 Framing Benefits 1. Gives the photo context 2. A sense of depth and layers 3. Leads the eye toward your main focal point 4. Intrigues your viewer




41 More to Consider Lines Geometric Shapes Balance Mergers

42 What Makes This a “Good Photo”?

43 Diagonal lines can be a very effective way of drawing the eye to a focal point. Lines Converging lines can be just as effective.

44 Powerful Guidelines

45 Repetitive Lines Draw Viewers' Attention to the Center of Interest.

46 S-curve ! The ‘lines’ can be the shape of a path, a line of trees, a fence, river or any other feature in an image.

47 What Geometric Shape (S) Do You See Here?

48 Triangles Positioning subject matter on points of a shape help create a balanced composition. Of the most common and easiest way to do this is to use a triangle shape.

49 Unbalanced ?

50 Better Balance

51 What Is Wrong With This Picture?

52 Mergers A common mistake is for some background element to interfere with the composition. Often photographers focus on just the subject and become "blind" to the rest of the viewfinder. Improvement

53 Composition Student Examples

54 What an Example of “A” Work Looks Like…

55 What “B” Work Looks Like… Good use of the rule of thirds. Too much empty space in the foreground.

56 Better !!!

57 What NOT to Do! Too much unneeded space. Not very interesting! Colors aren’t vibrant.

58 Again !!! Does not have a focus. It may look good with your eyes but sometimes what you see is very difficult to capture with the camera… be careful of this.

59 Ten Commands Hold thy camera steady Shoot many shots Get close to thy subject and fill frame Frame your subject Make thy photos say something

60 Ten Commands Use available light correctly Capture thy subjects face with emotion Keep it simple Explore different perspectives and at different distances Use thy rule of thirds

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