2DEFINITION“A dynamic process that is reflected in the tendency of a group to stick together and remain united in the pursuit of its instrumental objectives and/or for the satisfaction of member affective needs”(Carron et al., 119).Task CohesionSocial Cohesion
3Goals and CohesionProductivity must be established by setting challenging and specific goals. Making sure the members know what the individual goals are, for themselves and their team mates, is very important.There can be no hidden agendas by any of the members, their goals must coincide with team goals.What’s good for the team has to be good for the individual and visa versa.
4Cohesiveness & Team Performance Cohesive teams potentially – perform better less conflictcohesion-performance relationship is weakest if group norms do not encourage high productivityNorms must be consistent with organizational goals
6Team cohesiveness outcomes Members of cohesive teamswant to remain membersare willing to share informationhave strong interpersonal bondswant to support each otherresolve conflict effectivelyare more satisfied and experience less stress
8Member similarityHomogeneous team easier to develop cohesiveness, less conflictTeam sizeSmaller teams, more cohesiveEasier to agree upon goals, coordinate tasksIf team too small, difficult to reach goals
9Cont…. Team success Successful teams more attractive (self-identity) Gives team more confidence (self efficacy)External competition and challengesCohesiveness higher with external competition/challenges
11Forming First moments of a newly formed group’s life How team members fits into the teamOften marked by tension, guarded interchanges, and low levels of interactionPeople monitor their behavior and are tentative when expression opinions
12Storming Members acquire roles and responsibilities Tension increases in the storming phase – over goals, procedures, authority etc.Conflict often causes fight or flight responsesCoach assess strength and weakness of their members and begin to decide who will go in which role.
13Norming Group becomes more unified and organized Mutual trust and support increasesRules, roles, and goals are establishedCommunication increases
14PerformingWhen all the members work together to achieve the common team goals-task orientedmature groups spend less time socializing, less time in conflict and need less guidance than less mature teamsEfficient work coordination, conflict resolution
15Guidelines for Establishing Team Cohesion Leader strategiesCommunicate effectivelyExplain individual roles in teamsuccessDevelop pride within subunitsSet challenging team goalsAvoid formation of social groupsConduct periodic team meetingsGet to know others; enhance personal disclosure
16Group member strategies Get to know members of the groupHelp group members whenever possibleGive group members positive reinforcementBe responsibleCommunicate honestly and openly with coach or leaderGive 100% effort at all times
24Role Acceptance Role Acceptance Satisfaction of one’s role To achieve as a team, individual sacrifices must be made throughout the season.Role acceptance is directly related:Opportunity to use specialized skillsReceive feedback and recognitionRole significanceOpportunity to work independently
25Communication Open door policy active listening Line of regard Better to be vocal rather than silentPoor communication usually results in conflict
26Team Conflict Role conflict is a major source A goal is blocked due to lack of ability, motivation, time or lack of understanding to achieve the goalReward team success instead of individual statistics, honors, and awards
27Team Cohesion… A Final Thought The more cohesive a team is, the more it encourages peak performance in its members. If cohesion is lacking it can often prevent the team from reaching its’ potential.