Presentation on theme: "The Rise of Apartheid in South Africa"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Rise of Apartheid in South Africa Separate and UNEQUAL
2 Background1652, Dutch settlers arrive at Cape Town “Boers” (farmers in Dutch)Slaves brought from other parts of Africa and Asia1795: British siezed Cape1899 and 1902 Boer Wars, British win1909 South Africa Act: longstanding racial segregation
4 Apartheid takes hold10 % of S. Africans are white Afrikaners, or “White Africans” of European background90% are native Bantu, mixed race, or Asian backgroundApartheid = APARTNESSBrutally repressive regime!
6 1948: White Nationalist Party Comes to power, passes repressive lawsGroup Areas Act of 19501949 Mixed Marriages Act1953: Criminal Law Amendment Act1953: Bantu Education Act1970: Bantu Homelands Act
7 The ANC fights back! African National Congress Nelson Mandela and others, dedicated to ending ApartheidProtest at Sharpeville, 1960Peaceful protestPolice opened fire, killing 69 and wounding 186 in the back!
8 Sharpeville’s Impact? Gains international attention to cause! Nelson Mandela jailed for 27 years!ANC is outlawed and goes “underground”Steve Biko and other students lead protests in 1970s