Presentation on theme: "The Fall of the Roman Empire"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Fall of the Roman Empire Chapter 6, Section 4
2 A Century in CrisisEnd of Marcus Aurelius’ reign as emperor (A.D ) brought about end of Pax Romana. Ruler’s after Marcus Aurelius had no idea how to deal with the giant empire and its problems.
3 Rome’s Economy Weakens Hostile tribes and pirates disrupt trade. Empire at limit of expansion and lacks new sources of gold and silver.empire raised taxes as a resultempire minted coins with less silver inflation resulted
4 Rome’s Economy Weakens Agriculture faced serious problemsHarvests were increasingly meager because soil lost fertility.Years of war destroyed farmland. Serious food shortages, disease, and population decline resulted.
5 Military and Political Turmoil Roman military in disarrayless disciplined soldiersallegiance to commanders, not to Rome itselfrecruiting of mercenaries who were less loyal to RomeLess loyalty among average citizensEarlier Romans cared more about the Republic.Later Romans lose their sense of patriotism.
6 Emperors Attempt Reform Diocletian Reforms the EmpireBecomes emperor in 284.Severely limits personal freedoms.Doubles size of Roman army.Controls inflation by price fixing.Divides the empireGreek speaking East (takes for himself)Latin-speaking West (appoints a co-ruler)Kept overall control.Retired in A.D. 305, but civil war broke out.Four rivals competed for control, including the commander Constantine
7 Emperors Attempt Reform Constantine Moves the CapitalA.D. 312 Constantine gains control of the western part of the empire.A.D. 324 he secures the eastern empire and the system of a single ruler.A.D. 330 Constantine moves the capital from Rome to Byzantium on the Bosporus Strait between Europe and Asia.The center of power shifts from Rome to the east.
8 The Western Empire Crumbles Germanic InvasionsA.D. 370 the Huns move into Europe causing the Germanic peoples to flee into Roman territory.A.D. 410 Germans invade and overrun Rome itself and plunder it for three days. Attila the HunIn 444 the Huns unite under Attila and terrorize both halves of the empire.In 452 the Huns advance against Rome, but fail in conquering the city due to famine and disease.Attila dies in 453.
9 The Western Empire Crumbles An Empire No More14-year-old emperor Romulus Augustulus ousted by Germananic forces in 426.Roman power in the western half of the empire ceases to exist.The eastern half of the empire comes to be called the Byzantine Empire, and flourishes for 1,000 years.The Byzantine emperors ruled from Constantinople.The Byzantine emperors saw themselves as heirs to the power of Augustus Caesar.