Presentation on theme: "CASES (Kasus) Sorry, you cant avoid them in German. So, lets try to understand them one last time."— Presentation transcript:
CASES (Kasus) Sorry, you cant avoid them in German. So, lets try to understand them one last time.
What is a case? A case is how a noun, noun phrase, or pronoun is used in a sentence. Which of the following are not nouns or pronouns? fingernail, paper, you, us, swam, yesterday, snow, how, swimsuit, him Hopefully you chose swam, yesterday, & how.
There are 4 cases in German: Nominative, Accusative, Dative, and Genitive Nominative: the subject of the sentence ( it DOES the verb) Accusative: the direct object or object of an Acc. preposition Dative: the indirect object (to/ for) or an object of a Dat. preposition
…and the last case? Genitive Genitive case is used to show possession.of Examples: my sisters boyfriend: Der Freund meiner Schwester. the parrots food: Das Futter des Papageis Notice the color coding correspondence.
Genitive is sometimes used with these prepositions: trotz: despite; in spite of statt/ anstatt: instead of während: during
What happens to the articles in each case? derdiedasdie dendiedasdie demderdemden desderdesder Nom Acc Dat Gen Masc.Fem. Neuter Plural These are endings found on the and other determiners (like each, which, this/that/these/those.)
…and what happens with other articles? e e -en -e e -em -er -em -en -es -er -es -er These endings go on ein- (a, an one), kein- (not any), and possessive articles (like my, your, his…) Masc.Fem.Neut. Plur. Nom Acc Dat Gen
If you compare the last two charts, which boxes have different endings? Yes, only those three. Otherwise, the two charts are the same.
How good is your memory? 1.What is a case in German? 2.What is affected by a case? 3.What are the four cases? 4.What is the purpose of each? 5.How does knowing the case affect how you write and say the words?
What if you wanted to use pronouns instead of noun phrases? Original: My neighbor gave my brothers Steeler tickets. New: She gave them to them. The pronouns must reflect the case and gender of the intended nouns. So, if My neighbor is nominative feminine, the replacement she must also be nominative feminine. And if my brothers are dative plural, the replacement to them must also be dative plural.
PERSONAL PRONOUNS NOMACCDAT ich du er sie es wir ihr sie Sie I you (fam.) he, it she, it it we you ( fam. pl) they you (form) mich dich ihn sie es uns euch sie Sie me you him, it she, it it us you all them you mir dir ihm ihr ihm uns euch ihnen Ihnen to/for me to/for you to/for him, it to /for her, it to it to us to you to them to you
1. Pick a noun phrase in this sentence : You could have chosen: Seine Geschwister der Mutti or einen neuen Laptop 2. Based on its gender and case, replace it with a pronoun and rewrite the sentence. Your new sentence would be one of the following: Sie kaufen der Mutti einen neuen Laptop. Seine Geschwister kaufen ihr einen neuen Laptop. Seine Geschwister kaufen ihn der Mutti.