Presentation on theme: "Ch. 5.2 Drafting the Constitution MAIN IDEA At the Philadelphia convention in 1787, delegates reject the Articles of Confederation and create a new constitution."— Presentation transcript:
Ch. 5.2 Drafting the Constitution MAIN IDEA At the Philadelphia convention in 1787, delegates reject the Articles of Confederation and create a new constitution.
WHY IT MATTERS NOW The constitutional convention formed the plan the government that the U.S. still has today.
Shay’s Rebellion Proved weakness of A.o.Confederation. 1786-1787, Daniel Shay organizes farmers. -Farmers are losing farms. G. Washington calls for a stronger central government.
Call for Convention 5 states send delegates to meeting on interstate trade (1786). After Shay’s Rebellion 12 states to join. James Madison of VA. -Father of the Constitution -Central Government made up of three branches. -Executive, Judicial, and Legislative.
What Happen? May 1787, 55 delegates meet at Pennsylvania State House. -Windows shut to prevent eavesdropping. Washington elected presiding officer.
Virginia Plan James Madison’s, Bicameral Legislature -Two houses, a lower and an upper house. -Based on each state’s population. -Benefitted large states.
New Jersey Plan William Paterson’s Plan -Single house Congress. -One vote per state. -Benefitted smaller states.
The Great Compromise Roger Sherman’s Bicameral Congress. Senate- giving each state equal representation. House of Representatives-representation by population. Representation. -Northern states, slaves for taxes not house. -Southern states, slaves for house not taxes.
Three-Fifths Compromise Proposed that three-fifths of a state’s slaves be counted for representation. Congress power to regulate foreign trade. Cannot interfere with slave trade for 20 years.
Federalism Division of power between national and state government. Has delegated or enumerated powers. -Handles foreign affairs, defense, interstate trade, and money.
State Powers Called reserved powers. -Handles education, marriage laws, trade within state. Shared powers include right to tax, borrow money, and establish courts.