Presentation on theme: "Warm-Up What do YOU know about the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Warm-Up What do YOU know about the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade? Essential Question: What effect did slavery have on the development of African countries?Complete on warm-up sheet.
2 Goree Island The Door of No Return Students read the poem, “The Door of No Return”The Door of No Return
3 "Take up the White Man's Burden- Send forth the best ye breed- Go blind your sons to exileTo serve your captives' need..."-Joseph Rudyard Kipling
4 Portuguese Traders Age of Exploration Europeans were in search of a new route to India.Arrived in the 1400s for gold, cotton, and ivoryBy the 1650s, the slave trade was the most lucrative enterprise
5 Slavery Common in ancient China, Mesopotamia, Greece, and Rome Arabs, Egyptians, and Kushites all held slavesSlave caravans were a common sight in East Africa and the SaharaNO TRADE in slaves was more extensive or more brutal than the TRANS-ATLANTIC trade that took place between s.
6 Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Estimated range between million Africans were transported during this period
7 Portuguese traders bought slaves in Benin and the Niger delta to sell elsewhere. Slaves were needed for sugar plantations in Latin America and Caribbean at first, then others were used in North America
8 How were the slaves obtained? Traders organized and operated their own slave raids.Traders bought slaves from African kings and chiefs.Some were prisoners of wars between tribesSome tribes raided other groups’ villages in order to capture slaves to sellSome sold their own family members or themselves
9 Triangular TradeEuropeans brought goods (usually guns and trinkets) to Africa in exchange for slavesSlaves were brought to plantations in S. America, Caribbean, and U.S.Sugar, rum, tobacco, and molasses were shipped to Europe to trade for manufactured products
11 Triangular Trade The order of trade during the slave trade First Leg- Goods from Europe to African kings for slavesSecond- Export of slaves to western hemisphereThird- Return of goods from Americas to Europe
12 The Middle Passage The Middle Passage The slave trade took several triangular routes. Over one route, ships from Europe transported manufactured goods to the west coast of Africa. There, traders exchanged the goods for slaves. Next, the slaves were carried across the Atlantic Ocean to the West Indies and sold for huge profits. This part of the route was called the Middle Passage. The traders used much of their earnings to buy sugar, coffee, and tobacco in the West Indies. The ships then took these products to Europe.The Middle Passage
13 Trans-Atlantic Exports By Region (1450-1900) Region Number of slavesaccounted for %Senegambia ,Upper Guinea ,Windward Coast ,Gold Coast ,035,Blight of Benin ,016,Blight of Biafra ,463,West Central ,179,South East ,Total ,240,
14 Trans-Atlantic Imports By Region (1450-1900) Region Number of slaves accounted for %Brazil ,000,Spanish Empire ,500,British West Indies ,000,French West Indies ,600,British North America and United States 500,Dutch West Indies ,Danish West Indies ,Europe (and Islands) ,Total11,328,
15 The Experience SIMULATION Read “Out of Africa” (back of “The Door of No Return” while students are in the simulation.Note: This was the at the end of Day I.