Water boils at 1000 degrees. I don’t like Ana, I don’t think I want to go with her. I need a car. I want to have a girlfriend. I bought a car, that’s why I didn’t travel with you. If you heat water at 1000degrees, it boils. If Ana goes, I won’t go. If I had a car, I would have a girlfriend. If I hadn’t bought it, I would have travelled. If + Present simple + Present simple If + Present simple + will If + Past simple + would + inf. If + Past perfect + would +have +past part. Facts, things that are always true. Real situation / Possible / likely to happen Not real / impossible unlikely to happen Unreal situation Changing the past Unreal situation Changing the past always future present past
(study – fail) – (pass – study) – (be – wear) – (be – do) (tell – see) – (be – have) – (be – melt) – (be – be) – (do – win) (be – teach) – (do - tell) – (happen – put) I’m sorry but, if you_________ for the exam, you__________ the course. You___________if you________ harder, but you failed. If it_________cold, I________ my jumper. If I_______you, I________that. I_________you if I________ earlier. I________able to have 2 girls if I_______a car. Be careful with that ice-cream, if it______ under the sun for too long, it_________. I____________here if I_________your teacher. What________you_________ if you_________ 1 million dollars? If she_________a teacher, where________she________? At a school? What________you_________ if I_________you that today we had a exam? Do you know what_________ if you_______ ice under the sun?
Wishes… I can’t swim. I can’t go to the party. I can’t study now. My sister is making too much noise, why doesn’t she stop?! I’m not tall enough for the basketball team. I really need a car. Yesterday I ate too much, I have a horrible stomach-ache. I wish I could swim. I wish I could go. I wish I could study. I wish she would stop. I wish I was taller. I wish I had a car. I wish I hadn’t eaten that much. WISH + COULD WISH + WOULD WISH + PAST SIMPLE WISH + PAST PERFECT For abilities, possibilities and permission For complaints about others (never with ‘ I ’ ) When you want a situation to be different, when it’s not could or would. When you want the past to be different.
My mom doesn’t want me to go out at weekends… My neighours are so annoying. Your friends want to travel with you, but you don’t have money nor permission. Your wishes…