2 Belts? & Types of Belts Belt Design V-Belt Angle of Wrap Talking Points
3 Belts are used to transmit power from one shaft to another where it is not necessary to maintain an exact speed ratio between the two shafts. Two famous types of belts are: Flat Belts. V-Belts. Power losses due to slip and creep amount to from 3.0 to 5.0 percent for most belt drives. In this course, it will be assumed that the shafts are parallel. Belts? & Types of Belts
4 Belt Design It involves either the proper belt selection to transmit a required power or the determination of the power that may be transmitted by a given flat belt or by one V- belt. In the first case, the width of the belt is unknown, while in the second case, the width is known. The belt thickness is assumed for both cases. The power transmitted by a belt drive is a function of the belt tension and belt speed. Where: The following formula is for determining the stress, 2, for the flat belts applies when the thickness of the belt is given but the width is unknown. Where:
5 Belt Design – Con. Where: The required cross-sectional area of the flat belt for the case of the width unknown may be determined by: The required flat belt width b is therefore: The value of may be determined from the power requirement, The maximum tension in the tight side of the belt depends on the allowable stress of the belt material. The allowable tensile stress for leather belting is usually 2.0 to 3.45 MPa, and the allowable stress for rubber belting will run from 1.0 to 1.7 MPa, depending on the quality of the material. Leather belting can be obtained in various single ply thicknesses. Double and triple ply belts are also available. The following formula is for determining the value of 2, for both flat & V-belts applies when the width & thickness of the belt are known. The quantity mV 2 is due to centrifugal force, which tends to cause the belt to leave the pulley and reduce the power that may be transmitted.