2 As of 2015, Australia has an estimated population of over 22 million people. Australia is the world's 6th largest country by area.The largest cities in Australia are Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.A desert area known as the ‘outback’ covers much of the land.The name ‘Australia’ comes from the Latin word ‘australis’, meaning southern.It is estimated the humans have lived in Australia for around years.The indigenous people of Australia are Australian Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders.The highest mountain on mainland Australia is Mt Kosciuszko, standing 2228m (7310ft) above sea level.The world's largest reef, the Great Barrier Reef, is found off the north-eastern coast of Australia.Australia has a range of different landscapes, including urban areas, mountain ranges, deserts and rain forests.Australia is home to a variety of unique animals, including the koala, kangaroo, emu, kookaburra and platypus. Although they usually keep to themselves, there are a range of dangerous snakes in Australia, such as the Brown Snake, Tiger Snake and Taipan.Australia hosted the 1956 (Melbourne) and 2000 (Sydney) Summer Olympics.
3 Australia is in the Southern Hemisphere. LOCATIONBecause it is south of the equator, the seasons in Australia are the opposite of those in Europe: it’s winter in Australia when it’s summer in Europe.Australia is in the Southern Hemisphere.
4 - It’s the 6th biggest country in the world. - It’s an island, surrounded by water.- It’s the smallest continent in the world.
5 Australia is composed of 7 territories: Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria + Tasmania, and Papua New Guinea.
6 HISTORY James Cook discovered Australia in 1770. Britain sent prisonersand criminals to Australia.Europeans sold the landof Aborigines and killedthousands of them.
7 Native Australians. The Aborigines have lived in Australia for over 40,000 years. Now they only represent 1% of the population. The total population of Australia is 22 million.
8 The capital city is Canberra. CITIESThe biggest city is Sydney, where there is the famous Sydney Opera House.The capital city is Canberra.
9 OTHER IMPORTANT CITIES MelbourneBrisbaneAdelaidePerth
10 Where are the majority of important cities in Australia?
11 GEOGRAPHYUluru (Ayers Rock) is the world’s largest monolith. It is sacred for Aborigines.It is very popular with tourists because of its beautiful colours.
12 THE AUSTRALIAN FLAG Southern cross symbolizes the constellation. Union Flag6th British colony.The Commonwealth 7 pointed star represents the 7 territories.