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Mekanisme Kerja Hormon

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Presentation on theme: "Mekanisme Kerja Hormon"— Presentation transcript:

1 Mekanisme Kerja Hormon

2 Hormone Action The action of a hormone: efek primer pada sel ( ikatan hormon – reseptor spesifik): hormone–receptor complex complex → effector system → signal transducing mechanism → biochemical process(es) within the cell.



5 intracellular receptor

6 Complex activates a gene (transcription factor)

7 The DNA sequences of several hormone response elements (HREs)

8 Transmembrane Receptors
. The signal activates a channel, an enzyme, or a G-protein cascade. Enzyme coupled receptors: Signal activates an enzyme activity of the receptor itself—tyrosine kinases, phospholipase C. G-protein coupled receptors: Signal activates a G-protein that activates downstream enzymes—makes second messenger(cAMP or Ca2). Ion-channel coupled receptors: Signal activates an ion channel

9 Effector systems Hormone–receptor complex: meningkatkan aktivitas
enzim G-protein ion channel gene

10 Hormone–receptor complex: meningkatkan aktivitas enzim protein kinase

11 PROTEIN KINASES Transmembrane receptor kinases : tyrosine kinase
ATP : phosphorylate specific tyrosine enzymatic (amplification step). serine/ threonine protein kinases ATP to phosphorylate specific serine or threonine. phosphorylation cascades : one kinase phosphorylates another → MAP kinase kinase kinase. (mitogen-activated protein kinase that phosphorylates MAP kinase kinase)

12 .


14 Membrane-bound phospholipase
Hydrolisa: phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate (PIP2) → dua messenger , inositol trisphosphate (IP3) diacylglycerol (DAG) example: adrenaline binding to the α-receptor in the liver: Ca2+ ions stimulate glycogenolysis


16 glycogen synthase in muscle

17 Enzymes and proteins regulated by calcium or calmodulin.
Adenylyl cyclase Ca2+-dependent protein kinases Ca2+-Mg2+ ATPase Ca2+-phospholipid-dependent protein kinase Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase Some cytoskeletal proteins Some ion channels (eg, L-type calcium channels) Nitric oxide synthase Phosphorylase kinase Phosphoprotein phosphatase 2B Some receptors (eg, NMDA-type glutamate recept

18 Gomplex activates G-protein
H-R complex: activates G-protein → activates a membrane-bound enzyme (e.g. adenyl cyclase, which converts ATP to cyclic AMP).

19 G-Protein

20 Pathway of glycogenesis and of glycogenolysis in the liver

21 Control of adipose tissue lipolysis.




25 Cyclic GMP Cyclic GMP: is made from GTP by the enzyme guanylyl cyclase (activate : atrial natriuretic factor)


27 Control of phosphorylase in muscle.

28 glycogen synthase in muscle

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