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1 Risk-Sharing Finance Facility An innovative financing instrument for more investment in RDI towards the Innovation Union EC – DG RTD – Directorate B.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Risk-Sharing Finance Facility An innovative financing instrument for more investment in RDI towards the Innovation Union EC – DG RTD – Directorate B."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Risk-Sharing Finance Facility An innovative financing instrument for more investment in RDI towards the Innovation Union EC – DG RTD – Directorate B – Unit B-04 – RSFF Designated Service – 18 October 2010 – Not legally binding

2 2 Table of Contents What? RSFF mechanism Where are we now? Results, outlook, project examples 1. Why? Introduction RSFF – Risk-Sharing Finance Facility Innovative loans for innovative ideas Summary How? Beneficiaries, eligibility, implementation, products Whats next? RSFF interim evaluation preparing the future RSFF on the ground: Some project examples 6.

3 3 Why RSFF? RDI investment & finance gap in Europe Europe is facing….. A lack of private investment in R&D: a key factor for Europes relatively weak total investment in R&D (data for : EU 1.84%, US 2.68%, JP 3.40%) A market gap for RDI investment finance; financing is scarce for such risky projects, particularly since the economic and financial crisis (2008/2009) Impact of the crisis on public and private finance, survival of innovative SMEs: Major challenges to address with reduced means Europe is reacting….. Through dedicated support programmes for R&D, in addition to national support schemes in the EU Member States; grant funding also through new EU Financial instruments using other forms of funding than grants Innovation Union: involving all actors, to notably tackle under-investment

4 4 Table of Contents What? RSFF mechanism Where are we now? Results, outlook, project examples 2. Why? Introduction RSFF – Risk-Sharing Finance Facility Innovative loans for innovative ideas Summary How? Beneficiaries, eligibility, implementation, products Whats next? RSFF interim evaluation preparing the future RSFF on the ground: Some project examples 6.

5 5 Risk-Sharing Finance Facility (RSFF): definition December 2005: European Council: EIB and EC invited to examine a financing facility with risk sharing components & leverage effect for an additional investment in R&D of 10 billion 5 June 2007: RSFF Co-operation Agreement signed by Commissioner Potočnik and EIB President Maystadt RSFF: an innovative debt-financing instrument (loans) co-developped by the EC and the EIB to financially support risky investments in RDI, notably by private companies

6 6 RSFF key principles Provide loans for riskier but creditworthy RDI projects by risk-sharing between the European Community and the EIB Generate a leverage effect: volume of extra lending by EIB and its partner banks is a 4 to 6 multiple of the Community funds provided to the facility – a 12 to 18 multiple in terms of Projects costs Demand-driven: projects supported on a first come, first served basis (market-based instrument)

7 7 Risk-Sharing Finance Facility Risk-sharing EC/ EIB and leverage effect allows EIB to provide RSFF loans and guarantees of up to 10 billion coming from capital markets FP 7 Contribution: up to 1 billion EIB Contribution: up to 1 billion up to 2 billion for Risk coverage for potential losses (non-repayment of RSFF loans by borrower/ beneficiary) for RDI investments

8 8 EU financial instruments: Support for companies at their various stages Risk Capital 1 CIP Resources (SME) 2 RSFF (SME / MidCap) 3 Entrepreneur, friends, family Business Angels Seed/Early Stage VC Funds Formal VC Funds Bank Loans and Guarantees Seed / Start-Up PhaseEmerging Growth Phase More established companies investing in R&D an Innovation Facility: High Growth Innovative SME Scheme (GIF), Ecotech Purpose: IP financing, technology transfer, seed financing, investment readiness Target Group: VC Funds, Business Angels EIF Product: Fund-of-Funds Facility: CIP Guarantee schemes Purpose: Growth financing for SMEs Target Group: Formal VC Funds, CLOs EIF Product: SME guarantees (loans, microcredit, equity/mezzanine, securitisation Facility: RSFF Purpose: RDI financing Target Group: SMEs/MidCaps, larger companies EIB Product: Loans (incl. Mezzanine), Funded Risk Sharing Facilities with Banks (Investors)

9 9 RSFF added-value for the borrower and the Research Community Up to additional EUR 10 billion funding for RDI Diversification and increased access to financing: additional supply of loans/guarantees from EIB, especially in the context of a scarce access to credit for risky RDI projects Customised offer: debt financing adapted to project implementation and the borrowers repayment capacity (maturity, grace period, repayment modalities) Reasonable financing costs: non-subsidised loans but advantage of EIBs AAA based funding and its non-profit lending policy reduces overall project cost

10 10 Table of Contents What? RSFF mechanism Where are we now? Results, outlook, project examples 3. Why? Introduction RSFF – Risk-Sharing Finance Facility Innovative loans for innovative ideas Summary How? Beneficiaries, eligibility, implementation, products Whats next? RSFF interim evaluation preparing the future RSFF on the ground: Some project examples 6.

11 11 Beneficiaries of RSFF financing Mid-Caps and large corporates (typically unrated / sub investment grade / turnaround situations) SMEs Research Institutes Universities Special Purpose / Project Companies Research Infrastructure promoters Any size and ownership legal entity establised in MS or AC

12 12 Eligible project costs Project capital expenditures in tangible assets. Intangible assets: Research staff cost Incremental working capital requirements Acquisition of Intellectual Property Rights Multi-annual R&D budgets (typically 3-4 years) Financing up to 50% of total cost except particular cases in line with EIB strategic orientations (e.g. environment, renewable energies)

13 13 Eligible-cost categories: from research, developement to innovation Fundamental research EC window Innovation EIB window partly EC window Pilot and demonstration projects EC window Pre-competitive development activity EC window Industrial research EC window Definition stage / feasibility studies EC window

14 14 RSFF financial products: tailor-made to borrowers needs Corporate Loans (senior / junior) Guarantees Project Finance Mezzanine Loans Risk Sharing Facilities with banks (for all loans of less than EUR 7.5 million) Other structured products Development of specific RSFF products by the EIB (notably towards SMEs)

15 15 RSFF Project selection Roles of EIB and EC demand-driven: projects supported on a first come, first served basis (no call for proposals, no expert panels) EIB: Screens potential RSFF projects and is responsible for all direct contacts with project promoters Evaluates potential projects (not the EC): creditworthiness and financial viability EC (RSFF Designated Service): Checks the eligibility potential RSFF projects submitted by the EIB (decision by « Eligibility Committee »): Only RSFF projects falling into the thematic priorities of FP7 and really concern R&D are supported by the FP7 budget (for risk coverage) Follows - up on RSFF projects and monitors the use of the EC RSFF contribution (EIB obliged to report any material change)

16 16 Table of Contents What? RSFF mechanism Where are we now? Results, outlook, project examples 4. Why? Introduction RSFF – Risk-Sharing Finance Facility Innovative loans for innovative ideas Summary How? Beneficiaries, eligibility, implementation, products Whats next? RSFF interim evaluation preparing the future RSFF on the ground: Some project examples 6.

17 17 RSFF results and portfolio Mid-2007 – October 2010 Volumes: Loans approved : more than EUR 8 billion, 82 projects => (60% over initial expectations) Loans signed:more than EUR 5 billion, 54 projects in 19/20 countries (MS & Associated Countries) Very strong demand in 2009 (despite or even because of the financial crisis): loan volume of approx. EUR 3 billion Estimation: news jobs created and 500 jobs safeguarded in the RDI area since 2007 (source: EIB Independent Evaluation Unit)

18 18 RSFF results mid-2007 to October 2010 and geographical breakdown Geographical spread: projects located in 20 countries (approved RSFF projects)

19 19 RSFF results mid-2007 to October 2010 and sector breakdown Main sectors financed so far: engineering and automotive industry, renewable energy technologies, life sciences, ICT, Research Infrastructures, plus risk-sharing facilities with partner banks Sectorial distribution of the RSFF signed portfolio

20 20 Table of Contents What? RSFF mechanism Where are we now? Results, outlook, project examples 5. Why? Introduction RSFF – Risk-Sharing Finance Facility Innovative loans for innovative ideas Summary How? Beneficiaries, eligibility, implementation, products Whats next? RSFF interim evaluation preparing the future RSFF on the ground: Some project examples 6.

21 21 Mrs Erika MANN, Chair, CEO of ErikaMann Sprl; MEP from Germany from 1994 until summer 2009; and Senior Fellow of the Atlantic Council; Mr Luc SOETE, Rapporteur, Director of UNU-MERIT, United Nations University; Professor of International Economic Relations, School of Business and Economics, Maastricht University; and Member of the Dutch Adviesraad voor Wetenschap en Technologie (AWT); Mr Frank GANNON, Director General Science Foundation Ireland; Mr Arnaud HIBON, Vice President Head of European Parliament Affairs of EADS and Director European & NATO Affairs of EUROCOPTER; Mr Ewald NOWOTNY, Governor of the Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB) and Member of the Governing Council of the European Central Bank (ECB); Mrs Carmen VELA, Manager Director of INGENASA (SME) and Member of the Advisor Committee of the Spanish Minister of Science and Technology and the EAG of Cell Factory. RSFF interim evaluation 2010: IEG members

22 22 Main conclusions by the IEG: 1. The RSFF is considered a uniquely innovative, demand-driven instrument; 2. It has been successfully introduced as a new scheme into the European Unions research funding under FP7 and therefore helped drastically to expand the financing for RDI; 3. The RSFF had a positive dual leverage effect: Allowing EU funding for loans to finance R&D and helping private investors/ companies to finance riskier RDI activities, even in times of economic crisis (2008/2009); appears an efficient anti-cyclical instrument 4. The implementation of the RSFF, at a particularly difficult time, appears to have been carried out in a highly efficient and effective manner; 5. The IEG is therefore highly positive about the first roll-out phase of the RSFF. RSFF interim evaluation 2010 (Feb-July 2010)

23 23 The IEG made 10 recommendations for the future of the RSFF. Period : No.1: Immediate release of the EU contribution of 500 million ( 400m SP Cooperation; 100m SP Capacities) as foreseen in the legal base of FP7 No. 5: Additional EU contribution of up to 500 million to RSFF coming from EC FP7 Specific Programme 'Cooperation' and/or non-FP7 resources No. 2 to 4: Improvements possible for some already supported target groups (SMEs, Research Infrastructures) through introduction of specific approaches and change of risk-sharing Period post 2013: No. 7, 9 and 10: Continuation and expansion of the scale and the scope of the RSFF – as a visible part of FP8 – to address future RDI financing needs with a revolving dedicated EU budget of no less than EUR 5 billion for R&D and Innovation (EU support also for Innovation) No. 6: A certain degree of rationalisation of existing/future financial schemes should be targeted (avoiding duplication of efforts) No. 8: Regular monitoring RSFF interim evaluation 2010 (Feb-July 2010)

24 24 Trend at European level to make increasingly use of financial instruments like the RSFF, in addition to traditional grant funding (REHN Group / Innovation Union) Advantages of financial instruments: Limited budget resources can be used in the form of risk-sharing or guarantees to mobilise private funding (« leverage effect ») Unless risks/ losses exceed expectations, budgets for risk-sharing can be recycled and reused for further projects (revolving funds) Flexibility to better meet the funding needs of target groups/ beneficiaries and address funding gaps in the market New financial instruments ( ) part of key documents on RDI in Europe: the Europe 2020 Flagship Initiative and Innovation Union (as key measure) Context: New EU financial instruments for RDI

25 25 Commission's response to the IEG report Endorsement of the recommendations of the IEG. Timing of the response. Possible Commission Communication on the RSFF interim-evaluation. EP and Council's position EP and Council's official response. Way forward for the eventual release of the second tranche of the EC contribution. Risks Within the budgetary discussion. Loan volume objective and role of the EC contribution. Next steps – Issues at Stake

26 26 Table of Contents What? RSFF mechanism Where are we now? Results, outlook, project examples 6. Why? Introduction RSFF – Risk-Sharing Finance Facility Innovative loans for innovative ideas Summary How? Beneficiaries, eligibility, implementation, products Whats next? RSFF interim evaluation preparing the future RSFF on the ground: Some project examples 5.

27 27 PharmaMar : Spains leading biotech company dedicated to developing innovative anticancer treatments from marine origin Biopharmaceutical research & development in the areas of oncology and orphan diseases Different forms of cancer targetted, including rare cancers EUR 30 million RSFF loan RSFF project examples Innovative anticancer treatments: helping bring 4 cancer drugs to the market

28 28 RSFF project examples Cleaner engines: improving energy efficiency AVL: Austrian family-owned specialist with strong reputation for producing fuel-saving technologies for powertrain systems Offers research and development support to many major car manufacturers worldwide. EUR 30 million RSFF loan to help AVL extend powertrain R&D and research in the areas of hydrogen fuel-cell technology, nanocomposites and engine technologies, supporting the European Union objectives of decreasing emissions and reducing the impact of transport on climate change.

29 29 Solucar Solar Thermal Power project : Europe's first commercially operating power station using the sun's energy, west of Seville (Spain) EUR 50 million RSFF loan to further develop a large scale application of Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) technology, generating electricity without greenhouse- gas emissions Field of mirrors to concentrate solar radiation on a tower-mounted thermal receiver RSFF project examples Financing solar power: using indigenous renewable energy to contribute to combat climate change

30 30 RSFF for SMEs: Successful examples Direct RSFF loan finance: EUR 65 million for a Belgian SME for its investment in R&D and Innovation for digital cinema solutions Indirect RSFF loan finance through an financial intermediary: EUR 30 million for an Israelian holding company/ fund investing into 5 early-stage med-tech enterprises; support for R&D and development of new medical technologies and devices Indirect RSFF loan finance through others: EUR 200 million for Philips for its mid-term R&D activities (medical technologies), in co-operation with universities and a number of smaller and medium-sized companies (outsourcing of R&D) within the Open Innovation approach of Philips

31 31 Table of Contents What? RSFF mechanism Where are we now? Results, outlook, project examples 7. Why? Introduction RSFF – Risk-Sharing Finance Facility Innovative loans for innovative ideas Summary How? Beneficiaries, eligibility, implementation, products Whats next? RSFF interim evaluation preparing the future RSFF on the ground: Some project examples 5.

32 32 Summary: RSFF in a nutshell RSFF is a new instrument supported by FP 7 to provide EIB loan funding for more investment in R&D and Innovation RSFF finance can be used complementary to an FP 7 grant, instead of an FP 7 grant or for projects not involved in FP 7 but contributing to the FP 7 objectives RSFF financing is demand - driven, projects are supported on a first come, first served basis; RSFF project evaluation is made by the EIB RSFF risk-sharing between the EC and the EIB is an internal procedure and does not affect the client/ beneficiary applying for an RSFF loan RSFF addresses a wide range of beneficiaries

33 33 RSFF contact in DG RTD Directorate B – « European Research Area: Research programmes and capacities » Unit B.04 – « Regions of Knowledge and Research Potential » RSFF Team Jean-David MALO, Head of Unit B.04 ( ) Martin KOCH Marie-Cécile ROUILLON Conrad GANSLANDT Andreea Bianca PUIA

34 34 RSFF contact in the EIB Directorate for Operations in the European Union and Candidate Countries Thomas C. BARRETT Division: Action for Growth Instruments Innovation 2010 Initiative (i2i) Marc DHOOGE Sarah McCANN

35 35 Thank you very much for your attention !


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