World Religions Comparative Chart ReligionHinduismBuddhismJudaismChristianityIslam Place of Origin Founder Sacred Text Ultimate Goal Worship Major Beliefs
Siddhartha Gautama The Buddha, began his life as a prince in India. He was born into the wealthy warrior caste. Childhood His mother died shortly after his birth. His father lavished him with wealth so he would never want to leave the palace. He was completely sheltered from the outside world.
The Three Visions Siddhartha grew up never knowing much about the outside world. He married young and had a son. When he was in his 20’s he went outside the palace and experienced three visions which changed his life. 1.The saw someone in advanced old age. 2.He saw a very sick person 3.He saw a dead body. Siddhartha had never before been aware of human suffering. He felt his life was a lie and abandoned it to become an ascetic, or a wandering holy man in an attempt to find a way to end human suffering.
Enlightenment Siddhartha decided that he would meditate until he discovered the way to end human suffering. Bodhi Tree: He sat under a Bodhi tree and said that he would not get up until he had achieved enlightenment. He mediated for 40 days amidst temptation, and at the end said that he was “awake” – he had achieved, Nirvana, or Enlightenment. This is when he became the Buddha, or the ‘Enlightened One.’
Teachings of the Buddha The Buddha taught that in order to reach Nirvana (enlightenment), one must understand the Four Noble Truths Four Noble Truths 1.All life is full of suffering 2.We suffer because we desire things – we want material possessions (aka attachments) 3.The way to end suffering is to overcome our desire 4.To do that one must follow the Eightfold path, or Middle Way
The Eightfold Path (The Middle Way) 1. Right view One must understand the four noble truths 2. Right intention Know what you really want 3. Right speech Speak truth and speak well of others 4. Right action Do not kill, steal, lie, be unchaste, or take drugs or alcohol 5. Right livelihood Don’t do a job that harms others 6. Right effort Do your best, always 7. Right mindfulness Keep control of yourself and your urges 8. Right concentration One must meditate to understand the world
Laughing Buddha The laughing Buddha reminds us that to be happy we need to have a loving heart. A big heart gives you tolerance. It helps you to greet each day with joy and all people with gladness. Buddha says that the best way to solve a problem we might have with someone else is to have a warm and loving heart. By not being resentful, by not bearing grudges, only then are we able to smile like the Buddha - only then can we be truly happy.
Buddhism is… A philosophy, religion, and spiritual practice followed by more than 300 million people Non-theistic: Buddha is not the Buddhist God – he is just a revered teacher
What do Buddhists believe? Rebirth (reincarnation) results from attachment (karma) Nirvana is a peaceful, detached state of mind Achieving Nirvana means escape from the cycle of rebirth
Reincarnation: The Buddha taught the belief of Samsara, or Reincarnation. As long as one is tied to material possessions of this earth and does not achieve enlightenment then one will have suffering. Nirvana: The ultimate goal of Buddhism – to be released from the cycle of death and rebirth. Buddhist Beliefs:
Teachings Caste System: The Buddha rejected the caste system. He said all people were capable of achieving enlightenment in one lifetime. However, since not everyone did, Buddhism does believe in reincarnation. Ahinsa: Taught non-violence, same as Hinduism. Meditation: Taught that one should meditate. Yoga and Martial arts are seen as a form of mediation.
Spread of Buddhism Convents and Monasteries: The Buddha had many followers, both men and women. He did not discriminate based on gender. Within two centuries after the Buddha died, Buddhism began to spread north and east into Asia. By the 13 th Century, Buddhism had essentially disappeared from India. Scriptures: His teachings were collected in the Tripitika, or three baskets of wisdom.