Presentation on theme: "Quick Fire Is a person’s status/position in society important? Explain. How might one’s status help or hurt them in life? Give at least one example of."— Presentation transcript:
Quick Fire Is a person’s status/position in society important? Explain. How might one’s status help or hurt them in life? Give at least one example of each.
THE PROCESS BY WHICH PEOPLE ACT AND REACT IN RELATION TO OTHERS HUMANS RELY ON SOCIAL STRUCTURE TO MAKE SENSE OUT OF SOCIAL SITUATIONS – SOCIAL STRUCTURE TAKES INTO ACCOUNT ELEMENTS OF SOCIETY AND CULTURE, INCLUDING SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS, FORMAL ORGANIZATIONS, AND ALL TYPES OF GROUPS IN WHICH ARE FOUND RELATIVE STABLE PATTERNS OF SOCIAL BEHAVIOR – THESE PATTERNS MAKE THE SOCIAL WORLD UNDERSTANDABLE HELP GUIDE SOCIAL BEHAVIOR MAKES LIFE APPEAR AS SAFE AND PREDICTABLE ALLOWS FOR SOCIAL STABLITY AND ORDER
A RECOGNIZED SOCIAL POSITION THAT AN INDIVIDUAL OCCUPIES STATUS SET – ALL THE STATUSES HELD AT ONE TIME DANCE PARTNER BOSS FRIEND HARLEY CLUB MEMBER SPORTS PARTICIPANT BUSINESSMAN
HOW STATUSES ARE OBTAINED TYPE OF STATUS – ASCRIBED: INVOLUNTARY POSITIONS – ACHIEVED: VOLUNTARY POSITIONS OFTEN THE TWO TYPES WORK TOGETHER, WHAT WE ARE ASCRIBED OFTEN HELPS US ACHIEVE OTHER STATUSES HEY! I WORKED HARD TO ACHIEVE THIS STATUS IN LIFE!
THE STATUS THAT SEEMS TO DEFINE A PERSON MASTER STATUS ALSO, A PERSON’S “MASTER STATUS” CAN EITHER WORK IN FAVOR, OR AGAINST A PERSON. EXAMPLE: PERSONS WHO ARE INTELLECTUALLY CHALLENGED
...THE BEHAVIOR EXPECTED OF SOMEONE WHO FILLS A PARTICULAR STATUS ROLE SET – A NUMBER OF ROLES ATTACHED TO A SINGLE STATUS DISCIPLINARIAN SPORTS AUTHORITY DIETITIAN BUSINESSWOMAN CAREGIVER DR. MOM KITCHEN QUEEN
Rights and Obligations of Status’s Role – a status in action Rights – the behaviors you expect from others Obligations – the behaviors others expect from you
ROLES DEMAND A PERSON’S TIME AND ENERGY ROLE CONFLICT – INVOLVES TWO OR MORE STATUSES EXAMPLE: CONFLICT BETWEEN ROLE EXPECTATIONS OF A POLICE OFFICER WHO CATCHES HER OWN SON USING DRUGS AT HOME – MOTHER AND POLICE OFFICER ROLE STRAIN – INVOLVES A SINGLE STATUS EXAMPLE: A MOM WHO HAS TOO MANY RESPONSIBILITIES AND “BUCKLES” UNDER THE PRESSURE
Quick Fire Describe two everyday social interactions you’ve had in the last 24 hours. What motivated the interaction? What was the outcome of the interaction?
Illustrating Interaction Each group is assigned one of the five types of social interaction. Create and illustration/cartoon that illustrates the key ideas of the assigned interaction – you may include words if necessary – How does it happen? – Why does this type of interaction happen? (cause) – Effect on society and social structure Be able to explain each
Exchange occurs when people interact in an effort to receive a reward or a return for their actions. Reward might be tangible or intangible Reciprocity is the idea that if you do something for someone, that person owes you something in return. Basis of exchange interactions Exchange theory is the idea that people are motivated by self- interest in their interactions with other people. Rewarded behavior is repeated Exchange
Conflict Conflict is the deliberate attempt to control a person by force, to oppose someone, or to harm another person. –Has few rules of accepted conduct –Can reinforce group boundaries and loyalty Competition Competition occurs when two or more people or groups oppose each other to achieve a goal that only one can attain. –Common in Western societies –Sometimes considered basis of capitalism and democracy –Can lead to psychological stress, a lack of cooperation, and conflict Competition and Conflict
Cooperation occurs when two or more people or groups work together to achieve a goal that will benefit more than one person. –A social process that gets things done –May be used along with competition to motivate members to work harder for the group Cooperation
Compromise Each party gives up something they want in order to come to an agreement Mediation Calling in a third party who guides the two parties toward an agreement Arbitration A third party makes a decision that is binding on both parties Accommodation Truce Temporarily brings a halt to the competition or conflict until a compromise can be reached Accomodation is a state of balance between cooperation and conflict.
Groups Within Society Groups are the foundation of social life. They differ in terms of size, life, organization, and purpose. Groups perform important functions, such as setting membership boundaries, choosing leaders, fulfilling goals, and controlling members’ behavior. Groups in Society
Should parents be responsible both criminally and civilly for acts committed with their guns by their children?
Size A dyad is two people. A triad is three people. Fifteen is the largest number that works well as a group. Time A group can be a one-time meeting or a lifetime. Interaction is not continuous; there are breaks. Organization A formal group has clearly defined structure, goals, and activities. An informal group has no official structure or rules of conduct.
There are many kinds of groups. Most people belong to several. The most intimate type Fundamental in forming the social nature and ideals of the individual Small group that interacts over a long period of time on a personal basis Involves entire self of a member Primary Groups Types of Groups Interaction is impersonal and temporary Involve only part of a member’s self Casual and limited Importance of person linked to his or her function Members can be replaced Secondary Groups
Reference Groups A group with whom an individual identifies and whose attitudes and values are adopted Can have both positive and negative effect on behavior Electronic Communities Have arisen with arrival of internet Some reflect primary-group dynamics In-Groups and Out-Groups In-group: any group that a person belongs to and identifies with Out-group: any group that the person does not belong to or identify with Social Networks The web of relationships across groups that occurs because of the many groups people belong to No clear boundaries Types of Groups (cont.)