Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3, Lesson 2 The Byzantine Empire It Matters Because: At the height of its power, the Byzantine Empire united people on three continents. Its system."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 3, Lesson 2 The Byzantine Empire It Matters Because: At the height of its power, the Byzantine Empire united people on three continents. Its system of laws & strong leadership helped the empire flourish.
I. The New Rome Byzantine Empire A. After Roman Empire divided, Eastern Empire soon became known as Byzantine Empire Justinian B. Under Emperor Justinian, laws improved, arts flourished, empire grew Byzantium Constantinople C. Capital city Byzantium renamed “Constantinople” by Constantine
II. Geography of Constantinople A. Easy to defend 1. On peninsula between Black Sea & Aegean Sea Great Chain 2. Great Chain strung across harbor to prevent surprise attack B. Center for trade 1. Many harbors attracted fishing, trading, & war ships Crossroads of the World 2. Known as the Crossroads of the World due to its location between Europe & Asia
III. Cultural Influences A. Resembled Rome early 1. Roman architecture - arches & domes Hippodrome 2. Chariot racing arena called the Hippodrome a. “hippos” - Greek for horse; “dromos” - Greek for race 3. Emperors spoke Latin B. Greek influence soon replaced Roman 1. Most citizens spoke Greek 2. Emperors eventually began speaking Greek
C. Location led to influence from Middle East & E. Europe 1. Constantinople was unique blend of many nearby cultures D. 500 - 1200, Byzantines were world’s greatest empire Greek ideas of art & scienceRoman ideas of law 1. Passed on Greek ideas of art & science, Roman ideas of law & government 2. Spread Christianity to E. Europe III. Cultural Influences
IV. Justinian & Theodora Justinian I The Great A. Justinian I known as “The Great” 1. Byzantine Emperor for almost 40 years Justinian Code 2. Reformed law into the Justinian Code Empress Theodora B. Empress Theodora was wife of Justinian 1. Helped Justinian rule & choose government officials 2. Helped Justinian strengthen power as emperor & general 3. Champion for women’s rights in Byzantine Empire
V. The Justinian Code A. Byzantine law was disorganized, complicated, confusing 1. Justinian gathered legal scholars to reform the law Justinian Code 2. Simpler law known as Justinian Code 3. Justinian Code became foundation of all Western law
VI. Hagia Sophia Hagia Sophia A. Hagia Sophia was an Orthodox church in Constantinople 1. Combined elements of Roman & Middle Eastern architecture a. domes & arches (Roman) minarets b. towers called minarets 2. Built as Orthodox Church 3. Used as mosque when Muslims conquered Constantinople 4. Exists as museum today
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