Presentation on theme: "Environmental Issues of Africa"— Presentation transcript:
1 Environmental Issues of Africa SS7G2 The student will discuss environmental issues across the continent of Africa.a. Explain how water pollution and the unequal distribution of water impacts irrigation, trade, industry, and drinking water.b. Explain the relationship between poor soil and deforestation in Sub-Saharan Africa.c. Explain the impact of desertification on the environment of Africa from the Sahel to the rainforest.
2 4 Big Problems Desertification Deforestation Water Pollution Unequal distribution of water
3 1. DesertificationDefinition: Process of previously fertile land becoming desertCAUSES:LoggingOvergrazingDrought* The Sahel is experiencing severe problems with desertification
4 Effects of Desertification Hunger and hardshipLess able to grow foodDesert is expanding
6 2. DeforestationDefinition:Process of cutting down of trees and other vegetationCauses:Slash and burnOver grazingFarming* Rapid deforestation is occurring in the Sahel and in Africa’s west and central tropical rainforests* Nigeria is losing rainforests at the fastest rate – Has lost 55% of original forests