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7-2 Similar Polygons

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Similarity Similar figures have the same shape but not necessarily the same size. The ~ symbol means “is similar to” Two polygons are similar polygons if corresponding angles are congruent and if the lengths of corresponding sides are proportional. When three or more ratios are equal, you can write an extended proportion.

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**Understanding Similarity**

MNP ~ SRT What are the pairs of congruent angles? What is the extended proportion for the ratios of corresponding sides?

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**DEFG ~ HJKL What are the pairs of congruent angles?**

What is the extended proportion for the ratios of the lengths of corresponding sides?

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Scale Factor A scale factor is the ratio of corresponding linear measurements of two similar figures. The ratio of corresponding sides is , so the scale factor of ABC to XYZ is or 5 : 2.

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**Determining Similarity**

Are the polygons similar? If they are, write a similarity statement and give the scale factor.

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** Are the polygons similar**

Are the polygons similar? If they are, write a similarity statement and give the scale factor.

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**Using Similar Polygons**

ABCD ~ EFGD. What is the value of x? What is the value of y?

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Using Similarity In the diagram, Find SR.

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In the diagram, Find CE.

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Scales In a scale drawing, all lengths are proportional to their corresponding actual lengths. The scale is the ratio that compares each length in the scale drawing to the actual length. The lengths used in a scale can be in different units (ex. 1 cm = 50 km). You can use proportions to find the actual dimensions represented in a scale drawing.

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Using a Scale Drawing The diagram shows a scale drawing of the Golden Gate Bridge. If the length between the two towers in the diagram is 6.4 cm, what is the length of the actual bridge? If the tower measures 0.8 cm in the diagram, what is the actual height of the tower?

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