Presentation on theme: "„Conflict Resolution in General and BICC‘s experiences“"— Presentation transcript:
1 „Conflict Resolution in General and BICC‘s experiences“ Peter J. CrollJahrestagung der Religionslehrer/-innen an Berufsbildenden Schulen in der Diözese Augsburg11./12. Mai 2012
2 BICC at a glanceBICC isone of the five leading German institutes in the field of peace and conflict research and co-editor of the Friedensgutachtenlisted among the 50 leading think tanks worldwide (non-US) in the Global Go-To Think Tanks Report 2010 (out of 6480 think tanks in 169 countries)
3 BICC at a glanceAs an international, non-profit organization, BICC is dedicated to promoting and facilitating peace and development throughapplied research,advisory services andtraining
4 BICC at a glanceBICC seeks to assist in preventing violent conflict and contribute to their constructive transformationWhile disarmament frees resources, which can be employed in the fight against poverty, conversion allows for a targeted, best possible reuse of these resources.
5 Organs and Boards Founded in 1994 as a GmbH (Ltd. Co.) BICC at a glanceFounded in 1994 as a GmbH (Ltd. Co.)Board of TrusteesLand of North Rhine-Westphalia, Düsseldorf: %Land of Brandenburg, Potsdam: %Organs and BoardsDirectorSupervisory BoardBoard of TrusteesInternational Board
6 BICC‘s five program areas in 2011: Main areas of our workBICC‘s five program areas in 2011:Arms – Global Trends, Exports and ControlSecurity – Actors, Systems, ThreatsResources and ConflictMigration, Conflict and SecurityBase Conversion
7 Conflict is a natural part of human existence Sources and Nature of Conflict According to the Conflict Resolution ApproachConflict is a natural part of human existenceCan be a catalyst for social changeConflicts are the direct result of some institutions and social norms being incompatible with inherent human needs.Denial of recognition by society would lead to alternative behaviours e.g. ethnic wars, street gangs or domestic violence.
8 Research at BICC addresses the entire conflict cycle The Conflict CycleResearch at BICC addresses the entire conflict cycle
9 The Conflict Cycle Crisis prevention by transboundary water governance Small arms control and trainingEarly warning / early actionResource governance
10 The Conflict Cycle Conversion Small arms control and training Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of ex- combatants (DD&R)CIMIC and UN Integrated MissionsSecurity sector reform
11 Sources and Nature of Conflict According to the Conflict Resolution Approach Conflict management describes various strategies of dealing with a conflict at different levels from interpersonal to inter-state conflictMainstream Literature categorizes conflict management strategies into three:Conflict Settlement,Conflict Resolution andConflict Transformation
12 Sources and Nature of Conflict According to the Conflict Resolution Approach
13 What is Conflict Resolution ? Conflict resolution refers to all process-oriented activities that aim to address the underlying causes of direct, cultural and structural violence.The origin of protracted conflict can be found in the underlying unmet needs of participants.Conflict resolution seeks to not only resolve the direct violence of conflict but also underlying causes, i.e. the unmet needs.
14 John Burton’s Contribution to Conflict Resolution John Burton‘s work on human needs theory has become the theoretical foundation upon which conflict resolution restsHe believed that human needs such as recognition and security are at the heart of protracted conflicts.While interests are tangible things, such as land, money, or jobs that can be traded and compromised, needs are intangible things, such as identity, security, and recognition, that are not for trading.
15 Conflict Resolution in Practice The practice of conflict resolution entails providing opportunities for the parties to:Analyse the relationship, generate a definition of the problem in terms of motivations and human needsCost their goals and policies once they are fully informed of all aspects of the disputeDiscover the possible options that may be available once there has been a full analysis of the conflict in all its elements
16 The Global Militarization Index (GMI) Main areas of our workThe Global Militarization Index (GMI)The GMI investigates militarization worldwide. It serves to evaluate the development orientation of states and to analyze regional militarization.
17 Security – Actors, Systems, Threats Main areas of our workSecurity – Actors,Systems, ThreatsWhat are the challenges to a national security sector (such as armed forces, police, controlling authorities, institutions of the justice and penal systems)?What is the role of non-governmental security actors (e.g. private security companies)?
18 Resources and Conflict Main areas of our workResources and ConflictBICC conducts research on the nexus between natural resources and violent conflict.BICC raises awareness and educates the public in this program area.
19 Migration, Conflict and Security Foci of our WorkMigration, Conflict and SecurityBICC analyzes the nexus between migration from Africa and security, discusses challenges of internal migration in Sub-Saharan Africa and focuses on the African diaspora in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and the European Union.
20 Main areas of our workBase ConversionWith its 17 years of experience in base conversion, BICC not only provides advice to the German government but is also internationally active (e.g. in South Korea and South Africa).
21 Exhibitions and websites Main productsPublicationsExhibitions and websites
22 Main productsData basesConferences and WorkshopsEvaluation reports