4 Question??Do you think it is fair to have representation based on the size of the group?How do you think Americans felt about central government after the Revolution and Shay’s Rebellion?
5 Leading Delegates at Convention George WashingtonAlexander HamiltonJames MadisonBen FranklinGeorge MasonRoger Sherman
6 James MadisonRoger ShermanGeorge WashingtonBenjamin Franklin
7 Great Compromise Favored large States Legislature pass lawsFavored strong national government; 3 branchesFavored large StatesProposed by James Madison and Edward RandolphVirginia PlanExecutive carryout lawsNew Jersey Proposed by William Patterson Feared large states would outvote them in Congress Supported 3 branches, but only one house in legislature Only 1 voteGreat Compromise
8 Great Compromise Proposed by Roger Sherman Created 2 houses of legislature3 Branches of GovernmentHouse of Representatives based on population (Lower)Senate (Upper) 2 per stateSatisfied both sidesCreated unity
9 North and South Compromise Three-Fifths CompromiseSoutherners wanted to count slaves, but not let them voteHouse of Representatives would have more representation in CongressNortherners objectedAll agreed to count 3/5th of slave population, meaning 5000 population = 3000 counted
10 2d North-South Compromise Slavery an issueNorth advocated banning slaverySouth stated it would ruin economyAgreed that Congress could not outlaw for 20 years.Agreed that fugitive (runaway) slaves would be returned to owners who claimed the slave
11 QuestionsWho were two leading delegates to the Constitution Convention?George Washington, Ben Franklin, James Madison and Alexander HamiltonWhy did small states favor the New Jersey plan?Representatives in the legislature were selected based on population.How many votes did a state get under the New Jersey Plan1 vote per state
12 Round 2What was the plan called that resolved the conflict between the two plans of government?Great CompromiseWhat did both plans want in the compromise?Three branches of governmentWhat was important part of the Great Compromise?Seats in the House of Representative were awarded by population.
13 Review Today we have discussed: The Constitutional Convention The major leaders attending the conventionThe two plans: New Jersey and Virginia PlansThe Great CompromiseThe compromises between North and South