Presentation on theme: "Making PowerPoint Slides"— Presentation transcript:
1 Making PowerPoint Slides Best PracticesAdapted from:
2 Tips to be Covered Title slide and outlines Slide Structure Fonts ColorBackgroundGraphsSpelling and GrammarConclusionsQuestionsReferences
3 Title and OutlineInclude a title slide with the title of your presentation, your full name and affiliation.Make your second slide an outline of your presentationEx: previous slideFollow the order of your outline for the rest of the presentationOnly place main points on the outline slideEx: Use the titles of each slide as main points
4 Slide Structure Use 1-2 slides per minute of your presentation Write in point form, not complete sentencesInclude 4-5 points per slideAvoid wordiness: use key words and phrases only
5 Slide StructureThis page contains too many words for a presentation slide. It is not written in point form, making it difficult both for your audience to read and for you to present each point. Although there are exactly the same number of points on this slide as the previous slide, it looks much more complicated. In short, your audience will spend too much time trying to read this paragraph instead of listening to you.
6 Slide Structure Show one point at a time: Will help audience concentrate on what you are sayingWill prevent audience from reading aheadWill help you keep your presentation focused
7 Slide Structure Do not use distracting animation Do not go overboard with the animation, if you decide to use anyBe consistent with the animation that you use
8 Fonts Use at least an 18-point font Use different size fonts for main points and secondary pointsthis font is 24-point, the main point font is 28-point, and the title font is 36-pointUse a standard font like Times New Roman or Arial
9 Fonts CAPITALIZE ONLY WHEN NECESSARY. IT IS DIFFICULT TO READ If you use a small font, your audience won’t be able to read what you have writtenCAPITALIZE ONLY WHEN NECESSARY. IT IS DIFFICULT TO READDon’t use a complicated font
10 Color Use a color of font that contrasts sharply with the background Ex: blue font on white backgroundUse color to reinforce the logic of your structureEx: light blue title and dark blue textUse color to emphasize a pointBut only use this occasionally
11 ColorUsing a font color that does not contrast with the background color is hard to readUsing color for decoration is distracting and unprofessional.So is using color to creative.Using a different color for each point is unnecessaryUsing a different color for secondary points is also unnecessary
12 BackgroundUse backgrounds such as this one that are attractive but simpleUse backgrounds which are light, with dark textUse the same background consistently throughout your presentation
13 BackgroundAvoid backgrounds that are distracting or difficult to read fromAlways be consistent with the background that you use
14 Graphs Use graphs rather than just charts and words Data in graphs is easier to comprehend & retain than is raw dataTrends are easier to visualize in graph formAlways title your graphs
15 GraphsCompare this table to the graph on the next slide. Which is easier to read?
18 Graphs Why is the graph on the previous page difficult to read? Minor gridlines are unnecessaryFont is too smallColors are illogicalTitle is missingShading is distracting
19 Spelling and Grammar Proof your slides for: speling mistakesthe use of of repeated wordsgrammatical errors you might have makeIf English is not your first language, have someone else check your presentation
20 Conclusion Use an effective and strong closing Your audience is likely to remember your last wordsUse a conclusion slide to:Summarize the main points of your presentationSuggest future avenues of research
21 QuestionsIf appropriate, you can also end your presentation with a simple question slide to:Invite your audience to ask questionsProvide a visual aid during question periodAvoid ending a presentation abruptly
22 ReferencesIf you used any external resources for the information presented, include a list of references, in APA style.