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Physiology Professor Damian Czepita Department of Ophthalmology Pomeranian Medical Academy Szczecin, Poland

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Presentation on theme: "Physiology Professor Damian Czepita Department of Ophthalmology Pomeranian Medical Academy Szczecin, Poland"— Presentation transcript:

1 Physiology Professor Damian Czepita Department of Ophthalmology Pomeranian Medical Academy Szczecin, Poland

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13 NEUROTRANSMITERS PRESENT IN THE RETINA OF VERTEBRATES ACETYLOCHOLINE (Ach) - product of choline acetylation - M DOPAMINE (DA) - catecholamine - D -AMINOBUTYRIC ACID (GABA) - product of glutamate decarboxylation - GABAergic

14 NEUROTRANSMITERS PRESENT IN THE RETINA OF VERTEBRATES GLUTAMATE - aminoacid - NMDA, AMPA/KAINIC, METABOTROPIC SEROTONINE (5-HT) - monoamine - S

15 RETINAL GANGLION CELL PROJECTIONS lateral geniculate body - diencephalon - visual perception pregeniculate nucleus - diencephalon - visual perception suprachiasmatic nucleus - diencephalon- circadian rhythms

16 RETINAL GANGLION CELL PROJECTIONS supraoptic nucleus - diencephalon - neuroendocrine regulation paraventricular nucleus - diencephalon - neuroendocrine regulation pulvinar - diencephalon - unknown superior colliculus - mesencephalon - visuomotor behavior, foveation

17 RETINAL GANGLION CELL PROJECTIONS accessory optic system - mesencephalon - optokinetic reflexes nucleus of the optic tract - mesencephalon - optokinetic reflexes pretectal nuclear complex - mesencephalon - pupillary responses

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20 NEUROTRANSMITERS PRESENT IN THE VISUAL CORTEX OF VERTEBRATES ACETYLOCHOLINE (Ach) - product of choline acetylation - M DOPAMINE (DA) - catecholamine - D -AMINOBUTYRIC ACID (GABA) - product of glutamate decarboxylation - GABAergic

21 NEUROTRANSMITERS PRESENT IN THE VISUAL CORTEX OF VERTEBRATES GLUTAMATE - aminoacid - NMDA, AMPA/KAINIC, METABOTROPIC SEROTONINE (5-HT) - monoamine - S NORADRENALINE (NA) - catecholamine -


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