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INEQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITIES AND THE ARAB SPRING Melani Cammett Political Science Brown University
“Bread, Freedom, and Social Justice!”
Oil rents and mass uprisings Mass Uprising YesNo Oil rents High Bahrain Libya Algeria Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia UAE Low Egypt Syria* Tunisia Yemen* Jordan Morocco
Increasing state repression Repression and Freedom Indices, Average of All Arab Countries Source: Cingranelli-Richards (CIRI) Human Rights Dataset, various years.
Post-Independence Human Development Achievements in the MENA: Infant Mortality
The Rollback of the State Government Spending and Private Investment as a Percentage of GDP (Developing Arab Countries)
The Decline of the MENA State in Cross-Regional Perspective General Government Final Consumption as a Percentage of GDP, Various Global Regions in Selected Years
MENA Fuel Subsidies in Cross-Regional Comparative Perspective
Public Health Spending/GDP (Selected MENA countries)
Public spending on health/total govt. revenues (Selected MENA countries)
Educational Performance (Selected countries) Country MathScience Egypt 391408 Jordan 427482 Lebanon 449414 Morocco 381402 Syria 395452 Tunisia 420445 Turkey 432454 Bulgaria 464470 Malaysia 474471 (Source: TIMSS, 8 th Grade Level, 2007)
2011 TIMSS Results (Math, 8 th grade)
Insecurity & Risk Exposure in MENA Health Systems Example: Out-of-Pocket Spending on Health/Total Spending on Health, selected countries and regions (1995-2010) Source: World Development Indicators, various years
How much do you know about the Arab world? Mr. Khaled Kenawi TCLP Arabic exchange teacher Madison East High School.
Traditional clothes in Arab countries Manal El Gamal Manal El Gamal Madison East High school Madison East High school.
Economic Liberalization-Business Environment 5 th Economic Freedom of the Arab World Conference Cairo, November 1-2, 2010 Mounir Rached- Vice President.
Mustapha K. Nabli The World Bank Presentation at the 7 th AFD/EUDN Annual Conference European Development Research Network December 9, 2009; Paris, France.
Who are the Persians, Arabs and Kurds and where are they located? (A very quick overview)
Middle East Political Map. Countries 1. Afghanistan 2. Algeria 3. Bahrain 4. Cyprus 5. Egypt 6. Iran.
Union of Arab Banks, Annual Arab Banking Conference, Beirut, November Andrew Cunningham Founder Darien Middle East.
Building Collaboration Arab Entrepreneur Partnership Forum April 2-3, 2011.
The Role of the State in ME & NA. Background European Colonialism: Britain : Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Sudan,
Youth Population & Employment in the Middle East & North Africa
The Middle East The The Arab World.
Connections 3.4. What are the current events that you learned about yesterday regarding Chinese speaking countries? Be prepared to share.
Why is this an insurance growth region? Middle East & North Africa.
Countries and culture.
The Demography of the Arab World Jane Diamond ST203,
Quiz! Big Quiz! When? 5A & 5B Mon 19th Nov, 5C Wed 21st Nov
Developing marketing strategy for middle east countries.
Maria Hamdouchi & De’Ahna Johnson. As Middle Eastern and Northern African countries experienced the Arab Spring, how did the United States and its respective.
Food Issues in the Middle East Greg Nottingham. Death from Malnutrition per 100,000 Region Rank 1. Arab Emirates 2. Yemen 3. Algeria 4. Iraq 5. Morocco.
1 “ The Growth Imperative: a MENA Perspective” Yassir Albaharna, FCII CEO, Arab Insurance Group (Arig) International Insurance Society Tuesday, 15 July.
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