Presentation on theme: "WWII in the Pacific. Japan wins early victories following Pearl Harbor –MacArthur and American forces retreat from Philippines to Australia. –Doolittle’s."— Presentation transcript:
Japan wins early victories following Pearl Harbor –MacArthur and American forces retreat from Philippines to Australia. –Doolittle’s raid on Tokyo raises morale but is insignificant.
Allies go on Offensive –Battle of the Coral Sea Japan’s advance on Australia halted –Battle of Midway last offensive battle of war for Japan
“Island Hopping” towards Japan Battle of Guadalcanal (1942) –lengthy, bitter battle which provides starting point for drive towards Japan –extreme conditions (heat, humidity, disease) Battle of Leyte Gulf (1944) –MacArthur retakes the Philippines
“Island Hopping” towards Japan Iwo Jima and Okinawa –fierce fighting by Japanese –reality of assault on Japanese mainland is staggering American bombers begin bombing mainland Japan –civilian population targeted –tons of TNT dropped
Atomic Bombs dropped on Japan Harry Truman succeeds FDR as President of the United States –FDR & Yalta –FDR dies in spring of 1945 Manhattan Project –headed by J. Robert Oppenheimer –Truman informed of project and decision is made to use on Japan For? Against?
Atomic Bombs dropped on Japan Hiroshima bombed on August 6, 1945 –“Little Boy” kills 66,000 in 9 seconds –100,000 total –effects of radiation revealed and studied Nagasaki bombed on August 9, 1945
Japan surrenders August 14, 1945 –V-J Day –end of WWII