Presentation on theme: "Flow of Energy through Ecosystems Food Chain: A simple diagram of one string of feeding relationships in an ecosystem, showing the direction of the transfer."— Presentation transcript:
Flow of Energy through Ecosystems Food Chain: A simple diagram of one string of feeding relationships in an ecosystem, showing the direction of the transfer of energy in that system. SunGrassRabbitWolf Bacteria Soil
Producer Organisms that make their own food from inorganic molecules and energy. – eg. Plants, blue-green algae –Most accomplish energy building through photosynthesis
Consumers Organisms that cannot make own food. –eg. all animals, fungi and most bacteria –Obtain energy by eating other organisms this process is called cellular respiration
Consumers… Primary consumer (1 0 ) – eats plants (aka herbivore) Secondary consumer (2 o )– eats a primary consumer Tertiary consumer (3 o )-eats a secondary consumer
Consumers cont… Omnivores —eat both producers and consumers Scavenger — usually don’t hunt live prey—feed on bodies of dead organisms
Decomposers Bacteria and fungi that break down organic material; essential to ecosystem health because they recycle nutrients back for producers to reuse.
Food Web a group of food chains showing all of the feeding relationships in an ecosystem. Trophic level—a layer in the feeding relationship of an ecosystem, one link in the food chain/web.
Food Web ManWolf Sheep Bacteria RabbitMiceDeer GrassFlowerCarrots Nutrient Rich Soil Sun Fox
Things to remember… The sun…energy starts here. ALWAYS! Decomposers (fungi and bacteria)…energy is recycled here. ALWAYS! Put all the animals on the same trophic level on a horizontal line (producers together, then primary consumers, then secondary consumers, etc.) Make as many connections between your organisms as you can. Everything should have at least one food source and be eaten by at least one thing.