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Dividing Power Creating a Balance in the New National Government.

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Presentation on theme: "Dividing Power Creating a Balance in the New National Government."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dividing Power Creating a Balance in the New National Government

2 The Convention is not finished… ◦They must establish a system for the national government. ◦National vs. State governments—  National Government is granted “enumerated powers” ◦ Control of foreign affairs ◦ Providing national defense ◦ Regulating trade ◦ Coining money

3 State Governments are granted “reserved powers” ◦ Providing/Supervising Education ◦ Marriage Laws ◦ Regulating trade within the state Similarities: ◦ Tax ◦ Borrow money ◦ Establish courts

4 ◦They separate the national government into three branches:  Legislative- Make laws  Judicial- Hear cases  Executive- Carry out laws Distributes political authority Balance of power

5 System of checks and balances- ◦Prevents any one branch from dominating the other ◦Example:  President can veto acts of Congress  Congress can override a veto by two-thirds vote Voters choose president through the electoral college- ◦Each state chooses electors; the electors vote for a presidential candidate

6 Judicial Legislative Executive

7 The Constitution is sent to Congress for approval! Successful document- ◦Was thought not to last long ◦Our forefathers created a balanced, open- ended government for us to work with.

8 Ratification- official approval of the people of the U.S. to adopt the Constitution Newspapers printed the full text of the Constitution Shocked! So many changes!

9 Each state would hold a special convention ◦Voters would elect delegates ◦Delegates would choose to sign the Constitution Required 9 of 13 states’ approval

10 FEDERALISTS Supporters of the Constitution Division of powers and system of checks and balances will protect Americans from tyranny Support came from urban centers: ◦Merchants ◦Skilled workers ◦Laborers ◦Small states with weak governments George Washington, James Madison*, Alexander Hamilton & John Jay

11 “ANTIFEDERALISTS” Opposed having a strong central government Composes a long list of possible abuses of power by a strong central government Lack of protection for individual rights Support came from rural areas: ◦Large states with strong economies Patrick Henry, Sam Adams, Richard Henry Lee, & Thomas Jefferson

12 The Federalist Papers Debate over ratification 85 essays are published defending the Constitution in newspapers from 1787- 1788 Signed, Publius ◦Madison, Hamilton, John Jay

13 Letters from the Federal Farmer Written be Richard Henry Lee Most widely read antifederalist publication Rights of antifederalists should be protected! ◦Freedom of the press, religion ◦Against unreasonable search/seizure ◦Trial by jury

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