Presentation on theme: "NATURA 2000 Bird areas in Slovakia Presentation took place 18.10. – 23.10.2010 in Slovakia."— Presentation transcript:
NATURA 2000 Bird areas in Slovakia Presentation took place – in Slovakia.
European programme Natura 2000 What is Natura 2000? The national register of bird areas suggested for protection in Slovakia. Why birds were chosen to be protected in the first place? Non-governmental organization Natura Opava – Czech Republic Non-governmental organization for environmental education, advice and other activities The activities of Natura Opava in Czech Republic, Poland and Greece
What is Natura 2000? Natura 2000 is an ecological network of protected areas in the territory of the European Union. In May 1992, the governments of the European Communities adopted legislation designed to protect the most seriously threatened habitats and species across Europe. This legislation is called the Habitats Directive and complements the Birds Directive adopted in These two directives are the basis of the creation of the Natura 2000 network. Each EU Member State must compile a list of the best wildlife areas containing the habitats and species listed in the Habitats Directive and the Birds Directive. This list must then be submitted to the European Commission, after which an evaluation and selection process on European level will take place in order to become a Natura 2000 site. The network of Natura 2000 sites is spread throughout Europe, from Finland in the north to the Canary Islands in the south. Today, sites, cover about 20% of the European territory, so most European citizens will not live far from a Natura 2000 site! More information and interactive map: Clic here. EU Legislation: Clic here. Information from European Commission Environment and from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Biotope Biotope is an area of uniform environmental conditions providing a living place for a specific assemblage of plants and animals. Biotope is almost synonymous with the term habitat, but while the subject of a habitat is a species or a population, the subject of a biotope is a biological community. Biotope from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: Clic Here.
Habitats Directive The Habitats Directive (more formally known as Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora) is a European Union directive adopted in 1992 as an EU response to the Berne Convention. It is one of the EU's two directives in relation to wildlife and nature conservation, the other being the Birds Directive. It aims to protect some 220 habitats and approximately 1,000 species listed in the directive's Annexes. Annex I covers habitats, Annex II species requiring designation of Special Areas of Conservation, Annex IV species in need of strict protection, and Annex V species whose taking from the wild can be restricted by European law. These are species and habitats which are considered to be of European interest, following criteria given in the directive. The directive led to the setting up of a network of Special Areas of Conservation, which together with the existing Special Protection Areas form a network of protected sites across the European Union called Natura Article 17 of the directive requires EU Member States to report on the state of their protected areas every six years. The first complete set of country data was reported in The Habitats Directive on-line. Clic here. Information from European Commission Environment and from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Birds Directive The Birds Directive (more formally known as Council Directive 2009/147/EC on the conservation of wild birds) is a European Union directive adopted in It replaces Council Directive 79/409/EEC of 2 April 1979 on the conservation of wild birds which was several times modified and, thus, had become very unclear. It aims to protect all European wild birds and the habitats of listed species, in particular through the designation of Special Protection Areas (often known by the acronym SPA). The Birds Directive is one of the EU's two directives in relation to wildlife and nature conservation, the other being the Habitats Directive. The Habitats Directive led to the setting up of a network of Special Areas of Conservation, which together with the existing Special Protection Areas form a network of protected sites across the European Union called Natura 2000 Information from European Commission Environment and from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. List of all protect species: Clic here.
The choice of areas. The national register of bird areas suggested for protection Dolné Pohronie
The national register of protected bird areas in Slovakia 1.Boheľovské rybníky (Dunajská Streda) 2.Bukovské vrchy (Snina) 3.Cerová vrchovina a Rimavská kotliny (Rimavská Sobota, Lučenec, Revúca) 4.Dolné Pohronie (Komárno, Levice, Nové Zámky) 5.Dolní Považie (Nové Zámky, Komárno) 6.Dubnické štrkovisko (Ilava, Trenčín) 7.Dunajské luhy (Bratislava, Dunajská Streda, Komárno, Nové Zámky, Senec) 8.Horná Orava (Čadca, Dolný Kubín, Námestovo, Tvrdošín) 9.Košická kotlina (Košice) 10.Kráľová (Galanta, Šaľa) 11.Laborecká vrchovina (Humenné, Medzilaborce, Snina, Stropkov, Svidník) 12.Lehnice (Dunajská Streda)
13. Malá Fatra (Čadca, Dolný Kubín, Martin, Prievidza, Námestovo, Růžomberok, Žilina 14. Malé Karpaty (Bratislava, Malacky, Myjava, Pezinok, Piešťany, Senica, Trnava) 15. Medzibodrožie (Michalovce, Trebišov) 16. Morava (Bratislava, Malacky, Senica, Skalica) 17. Muránska planina a Stolické vrchy (Brezno, Rimavská Sobota, Revúca, Rožňava) 18. Nízké Tatry (Bánská Bystrica, Brezno, Liptovský Mikuláš, Poprad, Ružomberok) 19. Ostrovné lúky (Dunajská Streda, Komárno) 20. Parížské močiare (Nové Zámky) 21. Poliplie (Levice, Lučenec, Velký Krtíš) 22. Poľana (Bánská Bystrica, Brezno, Detva, Zvolen) 23. Pusté Úľany – Zeleneč (Galanta, Senec, Trnava) 24. Senné (Michalovce, Sobrance) The national register of protected bird areas in Slovakia
25. Slánské vrchy (Košice, Prešov, Trebišov, Vranov nad Ťoplou) 26. Sľňava (Piešťany) 27. Slovenský kras (Košice, Revúca, Rožňava) 28. Strážovské vrchy (Bánovce nad Bebravou, Bytča, Ilava, Povážská Bystrica, Prievidza, Trenčín, Žiliny) 29. Sysľovské polia (Bratislava) 30. Tatry (Liptovský Mikuláš, Poprad, Tvrdošín) 31. Tríbeč (Nitra, Partizánské, Topolčany, Zlaté Moravce) 32. Trnavské rybníky (Trnava) 33. Veľká Fatra (Banská Bystrica, Martin, Ružomberok, Turčianské Teplice) 34. Veľkoblahovské rybníky (Dunajská Streda) 35. Vihorlat (Humenné, Michalovce, Snina, Sobrance) 36. Volovské vrchy (Gelnica, Košice, Prešov, Rožňava, Spišská nová Ves) 37. Východoslovenská rovina (Michalovce, Trebišov) 38. Žltavský luh (Nové Zámky, Nitra) The national register of protected bird areas in Slovakia
Dolné Pohronie Rationale for the suggestion of protection: Belongs among five most important nesting areas of Merops Apiaster, Vlha pestrá,Včelárik zlatý, Szcurek pszczolojad, (Ευρωπαϊκός) Μελισσοφάγος, Guêpier d'Europe) in Slovakia. In the Levice district it includes a cadastral area Pastovice. The photos used in the presentation were taken by Milan Kubačka and Jakub Kubačka. The photos of the protected bird species living in the area of Pastovce were taken as laboratory specimens of the preparator Vilem Boruvka (Opava), in the depository of Silesian museum in Opava.
Riparia riparia, Břehule říční, Brehula hnedá, Οχθοχελίδονο, Brzegówka, Hirondelle de rivage Sterna hirundo, Rybák obecný, Rybár riečný, Ποταμογλάρονο, Rybitwa rzeczna, Sterne pierregarin Streptopelia turtur, Hrdlička divoká, Hrdlička poľná, (Ευρωπαϊκό) Τρυγόνι, Turkawka, Tourterelle des bois Strix uralensis, Puštík bělavý, Sova dlhochvostá, Puszczyk uralski, Chouette de l'Oural Sylvia nisoria, Pěnice vlašská, Penica jarabá, Γερακοτσιροβάκος, Jarzębatka, Fauvette épervière Tetrao tetrax, Tetřívek obecný, Tetrov hoľniak, Λυροπετεινός, Strepet, Tetrao urogallus, Tetřev hlušec,Tetrov hlucháň, Αγριόκουρκος, Głuszec, Grand Tétras Tringa totanus, Vodouš rudonohý, Kalužiak červenonohý, Κοκκινοσκέλης, Krwawodziób, Occurrence of protected bird species in other bird reservations in Slovakia
Because we are interested in their way of life. Many of them can sing nicely and they are colourful. They are active, so it is possible to see them. They are useful. People like feeding them in birdfeeders in winter or in the water. Why birds were chosen to be protected in the first place?
Non-governmental organization Natura Opava – Czech Republic Activities in Greece Since 1992 cooperation with a Greek city Preveza and the local organization Environmental Society of Preveza on nature research in Preveza region. Establishment of the Regional Museum of Natural History in Neohori, establishment of botanical garden by the museum, a nature trail called The ten stops in the nature of Preveza region, international meeting of young naturalists and artists on the base of Natura in Agii Apostoli. Activities in Poland Since 2000 a common project Nature without boundaries (nature research of the agricultural region along the Czech/Poland border in the Opava and Raciborz districts. The outcome of this research is a suggestion of the bio-corridor between the two cities) Exhibitions from the common events (bio-corridor, international meeting in Greece) Activities in the Czech Republic Nature trails building Publication activity Environmentální akce pro školy a veřejnost, Environmental activities for schools and public, nature walks, trips, international expeditions, excursions (botanical, ornithological, hydrobiological, etc.)
Why to protect them? How to protect them?
Nature trail Hvozdnice Information boards present birds in protected area Hvozdnice, near Opava.
Thank you for your attention Milan Kubačka a František Gazda Consultant: Martin Gajdošík Fotography: Milan Kubačka, Jakub Kubačka English translation: Pavla Mižičová Presentation took place – in Levice -Slovakia. Puzzle for businessmen in agriculture carrying business in a permanently maintainable way