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The Quest for Gold, Glory, and God

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Presentation on theme: "The Quest for Gold, Glory, and God"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Quest for Gold, Glory, and God
European Exploration The Quest for Gold, Glory, and God

2 Factors that lead to Exploration
Demand for gold, spices, and natural resources in Europe. Support for the diffusion of Christianity Political and economic competition between European empires Innovations in navigational arts (European and Islamic origins) Pioneering role of Prince Henry the Navigator

3 NAVIGATIONAL ARTS CARAVEL-A multi-sail ship that can sail in different directions regardless of which way the wind blows. Larger, sturdier than previous ships. ASTROLABE-(invented by the Muslims). Shows latitude by position of the stars. COMPASS-(Chinese) Shows direction by always pointing due North. Better maps-maps began to include the western continents!

4 Establishment of overseas empires
Portugal- Vasco da Gama Explored coast of Africa, Cape of Good Hope, sailed to India Spain- Columbus- “Discovered” New World Cortez- Conquered Aztecs

5 Establishment of overseas empires
Spain- Pizarro-Conquered Incas Magellan-First expedition to sail around the world England- Sir Francis Drake-First explorer to circumnavigate earth France- Jacques Cartier-Claimed Canada for France

6 The Spread of Christianity
Migration of colonists to new lands Colonists wanted to spread Christianity Catholics and Protestants carried their faith, language, and cultures to new lands Conversion of indigenous (native) peoples

7 The Americas Europeans explored and claimed territories in the Americas Europeans emigrated to their country’s colonial claims in North and South America Demise of the Aztec and Inca Empires (conquered by Spain) Led to a legacy of a rigid class system and dictatorial rule in Latin America

8 The Americas Forced migration of Africans into slavery
Establishment of plantation system Colonies imitated culture and social patterns of their parent country

9 Africa Europeans, especially Portuguese established trading posts along the coasts Traded in slaves, gold, and other products Trading posts became center of slave trade

10 Slavery and the Middle Passage

11 Slavery and the Middle Passage
The slave trade devastated African life. Culture and traditions were torn asunder, as families, especially young men, were abducted. Guns were introduced and slave raids and even wars increased.

12 Slavery and the Middle Passage

13 Slavery and the Middle Passage

14 Africa’s Indian Ocean Coast
Arabs had already established trading posts Swahili was the common language of trade Intrusion of the Portuguese--established trading posts Impact on Spain and international trade Spain wanted the gold, spices, wealth of the Portuguese. Sent out expeditions to compete with Portuguese

15 Asia India, the East Indies, and China were colonized first by small groups of merchants More merchants and army followed Portuguese, Dutch and British established trading companies Dutch East India, British East India Companies Indian textiles influenced the British textile industry-cotton, design

16 China Chinese created enclaves (certain areas) to restrict foreign influence and control trade Portuguese, Dutch, British competed for trade in China Official imperial policy established to control foreign influences and trade

17 Japan Japanese society characterized by powerless emperors ruled by military leaders (shoguns) Adopted policy of isolation to limit foreign influences Foreigners (Dutch) could only trade in Nagasaki

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