Presentation on theme: "The Quest for Gold, Glory, and God"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Quest for Gold, Glory, and God European ExplorationThe Quest for Gold, Glory, and God
2 Factors that lead to Exploration Demand for gold, spices, and natural resources in Europe.Support for the diffusion of ChristianityPolitical and economic competition between European empiresInnovations in navigational arts (European and Islamic origins)Pioneering role of Prince Henry the Navigator
3 NAVIGATIONAL ARTSCARAVEL-A multi-sail ship that can sail in different directions regardless of which way the wind blows. Larger, sturdier than previous ships.ASTROLABE-(invented by the Muslims). Shows latitude by position of the stars.COMPASS-(Chinese) Shows direction by always pointing due North.Better maps-maps began to include the western continents!
4 Establishment of overseas empires Portugal-Vasco da GamaExplored coast of Africa, Cape of Good Hope, sailed to IndiaSpain-Columbus-“Discovered” New WorldCortez-Conquered Aztecs
5 Establishment of overseas empires Spain-Pizarro-Conquered IncasMagellan-First expedition to sail around the worldEngland-Sir Francis Drake-First explorer to circumnavigate earthFrance-Jacques Cartier-Claimed Canada for France
6 The Spread of Christianity Migration of colonists to new landsColonists wanted to spread ChristianityCatholics and Protestants carried their faith, language, and cultures to new landsConversion of indigenous (native) peoples
7 The AmericasEuropeans explored and claimed territories in the AmericasEuropeans emigrated to their country’s colonial claims in North and South AmericaDemise of the Aztec and Inca Empires (conquered by Spain)Led to a legacy of a rigid class system and dictatorial rule in Latin America
8 The Americas Forced migration of Africans into slavery Establishment of plantation systemColonies imitated culture and social patterns of their parent country
9 AfricaEuropeans, especially Portuguese established trading posts along the coastsTraded in slaves, gold, and other productsTrading posts became center of slave trade
11 Slavery and the Middle Passage The slave trade devastated African life.Culture and traditions were torn asunder, as families, especially young men, were abducted.Guns were introduced and slave raids and even wars increased.
14 Africa’s Indian Ocean Coast Arabs had already established trading postsSwahili was the common language of tradeIntrusion of the Portuguese--established trading postsImpact on Spain and international tradeSpain wanted the gold, spices, wealth of the Portuguese.Sent out expeditions to compete with Portuguese
15 AsiaIndia, the East Indies, and China were colonized first by small groups of merchantsMore merchants and army followedPortuguese, Dutch and British established trading companiesDutch East India, British East India CompaniesIndian textiles influenced the British textile industry-cotton, design
16 ChinaChinese created enclaves (certain areas) to restrict foreign influence and control tradePortuguese, Dutch, British competed for trade in ChinaOfficial imperial policy established to control foreign influences and trade
17 JapanJapanese society characterized by powerless emperors ruled by military leaders (shoguns)Adopted policy of isolation to limit foreign influencesForeigners (Dutch) could only trade in Nagasaki