Presentation on theme: "Present Subjunctive - Part 1"— Presentation transcript:
1Present Subjunctive - Part 1 FormsThe present subjunctive is formed by adding the following endings to a verb stem. The regular forms of the present subjunctive are based on the verb stem of the yo form of the present indicative. Notice that, except in the yo form, the present subjunctive endings for -ar verbs are the same as the present indicative endings of -er verbs, and -er/-ir verbs in the subjunctive have the present indicative endings of -ar verbs.-ar VERBS -er/-ir VERBS-e -emos -a -amos-es -éis -as -áis-e -en -a -an
2Present Subjunctive - Part 2 Compare the yo forms of the present indicative and the present subjunctive.INDICATIVE SUBJUNCTIVEpienso pienseleo leaescribo escribatengo tengaIrregular forms are presented in the Manual.FunctionsTo indicate that the speaker doubts, disbelieves, or is uncertain about something. Here are some expressions that are normally followed by subjunctive forms.Es dudoso que… Es (im)posible que…Es (im)probable que… No es seguro que…
3More on the Imperfect Forms Here is a review of imperfect forms. -ar VERBS -er/-ir VERBS IRREGULARcrear: mover: ser:creaba movía eracreabas movías erascreábamos movíamos éramoscreabais movíais eraiscreaban movían eranFunctionsTo express mental, emotional, or physical states in the pastTo describe physical appearance in the past
4Subjunctive in Adjectival Clauses FunctionsYou are already familiar with the forms of the subjunctive. You must use the subjunctive to express a characteristic of a nonexistent or indefinite antecedent. The subjunctive appears in a clause that functions adjectivally, modifying the nonexistent or indefinite antecedent. The antecedent is indicated in bold in these examples.No hay ningún argumento que There is no argument that willme convenza. convince me.The verb convencer is in the subjunctive because it describes a nonexistent argument.No hay nadie que me pueda There is no one who can help me.ayudar.The verb poder is in the subjunctive because it describes a person who does not exist.Cualquier cosa que necesiten… Whatever you (may) need…The verb necesitar is in the subjunctive because it refers to an indefinite antecedent, cosa.