Presentation on theme: "Gustar and Similar Verbs Forms Sentences that use gustar and similar verbs follow this sentence pattern: indirect object pronoun + verb + subject Me gusta."— Presentation transcript:
Gustar and Similar Verbs Forms Sentences that use gustar and similar verbs follow this sentence pattern: indirect object pronoun + verb + subject Me gusta la naturaleza.I like nature. Me gustan las montañas.I like mountains. In some cases, a prepositional phrase with a is used to clarify or to emphasize the indirect object. me a mínos a nosotros/as te a tios a vosotros/as le a é l, a ella, a Ud.les a ellos/as, a Uds. A nosotros nos molesta elThe noise of motorcycles ruido de las motos.bothers us. A algunas personas no lesSome people don t care about importa el medio ambiente,the environment, but I do. pero a m í me importa mucho. Functions To express a mental attitude or perception about something.
Present Subjunctive in Adjectival Clauses - Part 1 Forms Add the present subjunctive endings to the stem of the yo form of the present indicative of a verb. In the present subjunctive, except for the yo forms, the -ar verbs take endings associated with the present indicative -er verbs and -er/-ir verbs take endings associated with the present indicative -ar verbs. reciclarponeremitir reciclepongaemita reciclespongasemitas reciclepongaemita reciclemospongamosemitamos recicléispongáisemitáis reciclenponganemitan Some subjunctive forms are irregular. dar:dé, des, dé, demos, deis, den ir:vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayáis, vayan ser:sea, seas, sea, seamos, séais, sean
Present Subjunctive in Adjectival Clauses - Part 2 Some forms undergo spelling changes. empezar empiece entregar entregue buscar busque Functions To describe something with which the speaker has no experience or that may not exist. Compare these sentences. Siempre compro jab ó n que no tiene perfumes artificiales. Quiero comprar un detergente que no tenga perfumes artificiales. In the first sentence, the speaker describes a soap with which he or she has experience and knows exists. In the second sentence, the speaker describes a detergent with which he or she has no experience; in fact, it may not even exist.
Informal Commands - Part 1 Forms Affirmative commands: Use the third-person singular of the present indicative to form affirmative singular (tú) commands. Replace the -r of the infinitive with -d to form affirmative plural (vosotros) commands. -ar VERBS -er VERBS -ir VERBS reciclar:proteger:consumir: tú reciclaprotegeconsume vosotrosrecicladprotegedconsumid Several common verbs have irregular tú commands. decir diir vesalir saltener ten hacer hazponer ponser sévenir ven Object pronouns are attached to the end of the verb. Tú commands have a written accent mark on the stressed syllable when necessary or when two pronouns are added: póntelo. Vosotros commands drop the -d before adding the reflexive pronoun. túlávate el pelo vosotroslavaos el pelo
Informal Commands - Part 2 Negative commands: Use the tú and vosotros forms of the present subjunctive. No contamines. No contaminéis. Pronouns always precede the verb in negative commands. No te laves. No os lavéis. Functions To tell someone with whom you are on familiar terms what to do Consume/Consumid menos.Consume less. Dime/Decidme la verdad.Tell me the truth. To tell someone with whom you are on familiar terms what not to do No compres/compréis vasos deDont buy plastic cups. plástico. No tires/tiréis los periódicos.Dont throw newspapers away.