Presentation on theme: "Working with learners who are reading at starting points a focus on vocabulary Sue Dymock & Sue Douglas."— Presentation transcript:
Working with learners who are reading at starting points a focus on vocabulary Sue Dymock & Sue Douglas
Overview of webinar – Introduce the on-line learning course – Outline of Module 2- Vocabulary – The Vocabulary Assessment tool – A closer look at teaching vocabulary
On-line learning course: Reading Four modules: 1.Getting started finding out about learners’ language & literacy practices assessing and teaching decoding knowledge & skills 2Vocabulary 3Reading comprehension 4Developing a reading programme
Which learners? three main profiles: Profile 1: Adults who have good listening comprehension skills but poor decoding skills. They can understand texts they hear, but cannot read these texts efficiently by themselves. This group includes adults who may have dyslexia. Profile 2: Adults with poor listening comprehension and good decoding skills. They can decode texts, but not understand them well. This group will include adults whose first language is not English. Profile 3: Adults with poor listening comprehension and poor decoding skills. This group will have multiple instructional needs, and will be more likely to need individualised support.
Key ideas Programmes for learners at this level need to provide: – focused, intensive instruction – plenty of opportunity for supported practice – close monitoring and on-going refinement
Outline of Module 2: Vocabulary Learners’ vocabulary is critical to their ability to read. Module 2 covers: assessing learners’ vocabulary building learners’ vocabulary
Assessing Vocabulary new Vocabulary Assessment Tool – addresses specific need to find out about New Zealand adults’ vocabulary – assesses receptive vocabulary using items that the learner can either listen to or read – locates a learners’ score on a measurement scale and categorises their vocabulary knowledge as emerging, extended, or expanding.
Extended (scores ≥ 616 scale units) Learners in this range have an extended vocabulary that allows them to make sense of many general academic and specialised words. They are likely to understand when words and phrases have been used figuratively and can make sense of a range of idioms. Learners towards the top end of this step will have access to many low frequency words.
Expanding (scores ≥ 509 but < 616) Learners in this range have an expanding vocabulary that is likely to include some general academic and specialised words. They understand that words can have more than one meaning and can sometimes recognise when a word has been used figuratively. They are beginning to make sense of some popular idioms, such as “business as usual” and “look up to”.
Emerging (scores < 509) Learners in this range have an emerging vocabulary. They will be most comfortable with concrete nouns and frequently used verbs, adjectives and adverbs. These will usually be words used at home and in the community, or words specific to workplaces with which they are familiar. Learners towards the top end of this step will be able to make sense of some lower frequency words, particularly when these are presented with contextual supports.
Questions & answers Any questions about the Vocabulary Assessment?
Teaching Vocabulary Our richest source of learning new words beyond the age of 10 is through reading (e.g., newspapers, books, magazines). Adults with decoding difficulties have been unable to access these print sources. Over time this can have a negative impact on vocabulary. Poor decoding less reading smaller vocabulary poor comprehension
What to focus on? General development through strong oral language dimension to reading programme Building vocabulary before reading a text Building vocabulary during and after reading a text
Before reading General discussion about subject (activating or building prior knowledge) and vocabulary associated with that subject Pre-teach specific vocabulary in order to enhance comprehension
During and after reading Words with multiple meanings – 67% of everday words have more than one meaning fine