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Business Studies( Management) By: Muhammad Suleman MBA MIT MSC Economics.

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Presentation on theme: "Business Studies( Management) By: Muhammad Suleman MBA MIT MSC Economics."— Presentation transcript:

1 Business Studies( Management) By: Muhammad Suleman MBA MIT MSC Economics

2 Essentials of Management BY Harold Koontz Hienz Weihrich 7 th EDITION

3 Marks Distribution  Total Marks = 100  Assignments10  Quizzes10  Presence05  Mid Term Exam25  Final Exam50

4 What is management Management is essential for organization Levels of management First Line Manager(FLM) Middle Manager Top Manager. Skills for the management Technical skills Human skills Conceptual Skills. Functions of the Management Planning organizing leading Controlling Assurance Staffing

5 Getting work done by the others is management. management is the process of achieving the goals collectively Management is the process of designing and maintaining an environment in which individual work together in groups effectively and efficiently and accomplish the selected goals/aims…..

6 It is only possible to achieve the organizational goals if management would be strong Effectiveness: for the achieving of goals how many resources have been used is effectiveness completing the activities so that organizational goals are achieved is effectiveness Effectiveness is the ability to choose appropriate goals and to achieve those goals Efficiency : getting the most output from the least input is efficiency Efficiency is the ability to make the best use of available resources in the process of achieving goals

7 It is important in the organization because managers have to take task from their employees so that they can achieve their goals. Without management organization is meaningless Organization: It is an entity where two or more persons work together in order to achieve a goal and having a common purpose. e.g. Hospitals, Colleges, factories, Government offices, Mosque etc… The role of management is to motivate the employee Motivate: influencing others to work towards their goals It is only management that provides coordinated environment in which every body share their views, sit together and discuss problems and hence find out remedy for the problems

8 A manager is a person who works with and through other people by coordinating their work activities in order to achieve their organizational goals Managers perform various jobs and duties and are responsible for higher profits and for great performance.

9 Traditionally manager’s job has been classified according to the following four functions: Planning: determining organizational goals and the mean for achieving them. Organizing: deciding where decisions will be made, who will do what jobs and tasks, and who will work for whom Leading: inspiring and motivating workers to work hard to achieve organizational goals Controlling: monitoring progress towards goals achievement and taking corrective actions when needed. A good manager is, who assure himself to perform these functions

10 There exists three levels of the management which are: First line Manager Middle Manager Top Managers

11  These are the managers who manage the work of non managerial individuals who are directly involved with the achievements of organizational goals.  first-line managers are responsible to manage the day to day activities.  The process which is going on to achieve goals, is under the supervision of first line manager

12 All the managers between FLM and top management are the middle managers. e.g. Head of the departments Top Level Managers:  top managers are responsible for making organization wide decisions and establishing the plans and goals that effect the entire organization.  Top managers are responsible for overseeing the whole organization and typically engage in more strategic and conceptual matters  e.g. Chancellor, VC or Dean of the university

13 Skills for the management are classified into three categories which are: Technical Skills Human Skills Conceptual Skills

14 Technical skill is the knowledge and proficiency in a certain specialized field One must be proficient in his/her field so that whatever is there in his/her mind bring it to the reality e.g. Making soap in manufacturing company

15 For example  a manager who is supervising accountants needs to know the accounting processes.  a manager who is supervising a machinist must know how to operate the equipment.  a manager who supervises the construction of a home must know the sequence of operations and how to perform them.

16  It is the ability to work with other people both individually as well as in a group.  Relating to other people is vital in order to be a good manager  Diversity in the workplace is commonplace. Diversity in the workplacecommonplace  Here we focus on the communication skills.  Communication skills must be powerfull.

17  The manager must understand different personality types and cultures to be able to supervise these workers.  Human skills cannot be learned in a classroom; they are best learned by working with people

18 It is the ability to think and to conceptualize about the abstract and complex things Here the manager watch out organization as a whole. Here managers are involved in team work so that find out remedy/ solution for the complex situation.

19  Communication Skills  Computer skills  Time Management Skills

20  Communication skills fall into the broad categories of oral and written skills, both of which managers use in many different ways  It is necessary for a manager to orally explain processes and give direction to workers  Managers are also expected to conduct meetings and give talks to groups of people.

21  An important part of the oral communication process is listening  Managers are expected to listen to their supervisors and to their workers.  A manager must hear recommendations and complaints on a regular basis and must be willing to follow through on what is heard

22  Managers are also expected to write reports, letters, memos, and policy statements  All of these must be written in such a way that the recipient can interpret and understand what is being said.  This means that managers must write clearly and concisely

23  It is necessary for managers to have computer skills in order to keep up with these rapid changes.  Many of the processes that occur in offices, manufacturing plants, warehouses, and other work environments depend on computers and thus necessitate managers and to have computer skills.necessitate

24  Because the typical manager is a very busy person, it is important that time be managed effectively  This requires an understanding of how to allocate time to different projects and activities.

25  Good time-management skills can be learned, but managers must be willing to prioritize activities, delegate, deal with interruptions, organize work, and perform other acts that will make them better managers. prioritize

26 Following are the functions of the management Planning Organizing Leading POLCA Functions Controlling Assurance Staffing

27 Assurance Controlling Regulating activities to reach goals Leading Influencing others to work towards goals Planning Setting goals and deciding how to best achieve goals Organizing Allocating and arranging the resources



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