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EXPOSITORY WRITING The “ How and Why ” of Writing.

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Presentation on theme: "EXPOSITORY WRITING The “ How and Why ” of Writing."— Presentation transcript:

1 EXPOSITORY WRITING The “ How and Why ” of Writing

2 WHAT IS EXPOSITORY WRITING? Expository writing is defined as presenting reasons, explanations, or steps in a process Informational writing An expository essay should follow a logical sequence and have three different main points Logic and coherence is the main focus of an expository essay

3 HOW IS IT DIFFERENT ? Expository writing does not tell a story Expository writing does not persuade a reader but only gives facts and reasons Expository writing can also give the steps of a process

4 EXPOSITORY WRITING Introduction of an expository should include the main idea and what the essay is about The three main reasons supporting this main idea should also be included in the introduction

5 EXPOSITORY WRITING (CONTINUED) Paragraph two should introduce the first reason and give details to support the first reason Paragraph three should introduce the second reason and give details to support the second reason Paragraph four should introduce the third reason and give details to support the third reason The conclusion should re-state all the reasons

6 Outline for Expository Title__________________________________________ I. Introduction: A. Hook______________________________________________________ B. Background information______________________________________ C. Background information on topic_______________________________ D. Background information on topic_______________________________ E. Statistic or personal anecdote-optional___________________________ F. THESIS STATEMENT________________________________________ II. First Reason__________________________________________________ A. Fact/ or example_________________________________________ B. Detail__________________________________________________ C. Fact/ example___________________________________________ D. Detail_________________________________________________ E. Fact/example____________________________________________ F. Detail__________________________________________________ G. Sum- up statement_______________________________________ III. Second Reason_______________________________________________ A. Fact/or example_________________________________________ B. Detail__________________________________________________ C. Fact/example____________________________________________ D. Detail__________________________________________________ E. Fact/example____________________________________________ F. Detail___________________________________________________ G. Sum- up statement_______________________________________ IV. Third Reason_________________________________________________ A. Fact/example___________________________________________ B. Detail__________________________________________________ C. Fact/example___________________________________________ D. Detail___________________________________________________ E. Fact/example___________________________________________ F. Detail V. Conclusion: Re- state all reasons in conclusion Clincher sentence- gives a summation of the above and a “ feeling ” about the whole essay. Use transition words, plan reasons in a logical order, make sure you re-state reasons in your conclusion.

7 DEFINITION OF TERMS Thesis Statement: The main idea of the whole essay Transition words: Words such as first, second, as a result, which make transitions easy in the essay. Main Ideas: Each paragraph should have a main point or idea Supporting Details: Details support the main ideas

8 RE-CAP: EXPOSITORY WRITING NEEDS: One topic Reasons supporting that topic Details supporting the reasons A conclusion re-stating the reasons Transition words Clear, concise, logical and informative language

9 DETAILS Can be descriptive Can be factual Can be from personal experience Can be anecdotes

10 TRANSITION WORDS Add your transition words: First Second Third Finally, or In Conclusion

11 INTRODUCTION Hook- Hook your reader with a question, quote, short anecdote, or personal experience statement Write one “ background ” or informational sentence about each idea you are going to write about- Idea 1 Idea 2 Idea 3

12 THESIS STATEMENT The thesis statement can be first in the paragraph, last in the paragraph or implied throughout the paragraph Example: I would like to change the world by improving the poverty situation in our world, alleviating crime, and helping the homeless.

13 EDITING YOUR ESSAY Check that you have all the elements of an expository essay: Reasons Details Transition words Conclusion that re-states your topic Grammar Coherence, logic and clearly written

14 Expository Essay: There are three different types of expository essays: 1) Essay that is developed with examples and/or facts and statistics 2) Essay that is developed with steps in a process 3) Essay that is in a compare and contrast format Example: Paragraph 1: Introductory Paragraph A. Thesis sentence____________________________ B. Background info____________________________ C. Statistics- if relevant__________________________ Paragraph 2: Reason#1 or Process #1 Use a transition word A. Example/detail #1______________________________ B. Example/detail #2______________________________ C. Example/detail#3_______________________________ Paragraph 3: Reason #2or Process #2 Use a transition word A. Example/detail #1______________________________ B. Example/detail#2_______________________________ C. Example/detail #3______________________________ Paragraph 4: Reason #3 or Process #3 Use a transition word A. Example/detail #1_______________________________ B. Example/detail #2_______________________________ C. Example/detail#3________________________________ Paragraph 5:Conclusion: Take a reason from each paragraph and RE-STATE it in the conclusion. Add a clincher sentence. Evaluation: Do you have a clear logical topic? Have you introduced your topic in the first paragraph? Do you have one reason per paragraph? Do you have three details to support each reason? Have you used transition words at the beginning of each paragraph?

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