Sonnet Italian/Petrarchan –Octave Eight lines Abbaabba (rhyme scheme) Presents the story, raises a question, states a proposition Volta (turn) between 8 th and 9 th lines –Sestet six lines cdecde or cdcdcd or cdedce (rhyme scheme) Abstract comment, applies the proposition, solves the problem
Other Terms Caesura - a pause in a line of poetry Elision – omitting a vowel sound to keep meter –Whose misadventured piteous overthrows (line 7) Enjambment -- reading a line of poetry continues onto the next line without pausing. –From forth the fatal loins of these two foes –A pair of star-crossed lovers take their life. (lines 5-6) End-stopped --- pause at the end of a line. –Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.
Other Terms Blank verse – unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter. Free verse - poetry without a regular pattern of rhyme or meter.