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SonnetSonnet. MeterMeter Regular rhythmic pattern.

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Presentation on theme: "SonnetSonnet. MeterMeter Regular rhythmic pattern."— Presentation transcript:

1 SonnetSonnet

2 MeterMeter Regular rhythmic pattern

3 Meter –Iambic: ˘ ¯ unstressed, stressed –Trochaic: ¯ ˘ stressed, unstressed –Anapestic: ˘ ˘ ¯ unstressed, unstressed, stressed –Dactylic: ¯ ˘ ˘ stressed, unstressed, unstressed –Pyrrhic: ˘ ˘ unstressed, unstressed –Spondaic: ¯ ¯ stressed, stressed

4 FootFoot Rhythmic unit within a line

5 Number of Feet Onemonometer Twodimeter Threetrimeter Fourtetrameter Fivepentameter Sixhexameter Sevenheptameter

6 Sonnet 14 lines Follows a rhyme scheme Iambic pentameter

7 Sonnet English Sonnets Shakespearean Sonnet –Three quatrains abab cdcd efef (rhyme scheme) –Couplet gg Spenserain Sonnet –Abab bcbc cdcd ee (rhyme scheme)

8 Sonnet Italian/Petrarchan –Octave Eight lines Abbaabba (rhyme scheme) Presents the story, raises a question, states a proposition Volta (turn) between 8 th and 9 th lines –Sestet six lines cdecde or cdcdcd or cdedce (rhyme scheme) Abstract comment, applies the proposition, solves the problem

9 Other Terms Caesura - a pause in a line of poetry Elision – omitting a vowel sound to keep meter –Whose misadventured piteous overthrows (line 7) Enjambment -- reading a line of poetry continues onto the next line without pausing. –From forth the fatal loins of these two foes –A pair of star-crossed lovers take their life. (lines 5-6) End-stopped --- pause at the end of a line. –Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.

10 Other Terms Blank verse – unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter. Free verse - poetry without a regular pattern of rhyme or meter.

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