Presentation on theme: " George Washington opposed the creation of political parties Americans were deeply divided over how American should be run Major debaters ◦ Hamilton."— Presentation transcript:
George Washington opposed the creation of political parties Americans were deeply divided over how American should be run Major debaters ◦ Hamilton vs. Jefferson (Washington’s 1 st term) ◦ Hamilton vs. Madison (Washington’s 2 nd term)
Issues of debate ◦ Interpretations of the Constitution ◦ Economic policy Hamilton’s view ◦ Favored the British Government, strong central government, growth of trade, manufacturing, and cities ◦ Opposed French Revolution Jefferson/Madison view ◦ Feared a strong central government (tyranny) ◦ Viewed a rural nation of planters and farmers
Differences lead to formation of political parties Political parties = group of people that tries to promote its ideas and influence government Jefferson and Madison formed the Democratic-Republican Party ◦ Name reflects belief in democracy and the republican system ◦ Attracted farmers and workers Hamilton formed the Federalists Party ◦ Attracted Northern merchants and manufacturers
Supporters: Farmers, tradespeople Supporters: lawyers, merchants, manufacturers, clergy Economy based on farming Economy based on manufacturing and shipping Opposed National Bank Favored National Bank Strict construction of the Constitution Loose construction of the Constitution Fear of rule by one person or a powerful few Fear of mob rule Limited National Government Strong National Government Democratic-RepublicansFederalists The First Political Parties
YearHamiltoniansJeffersonians 1792Federalists Democratic- Republicans 1816 Death of Federalists 1820Republicans One Party: Era of Good Feeling 1825 National Republicans Democratic- Republicans (Jacksonian Democrats) 1834WhigsDemocrats 1854Republicans To Present
Using your knowledge about the Nation’s first two political parties, choose one of them and create a propaganda poster in support of it. Use color on your poster. Vocab. Propaganda: any technique that attempts to influence the opinions, emotions, attitudes or behavior of a group in order to benefit the sponsor.