Presentation on theme: "Pierwsza strona Socio-medical characteristics of the dependent older people living in six European countries B. Bien, B. Wojszel, M. Rybaczuk, P. Czekanowski,"— Presentation transcript:
Pierwsza strona Socio-medical characteristics of the dependent older people living in six European countries B. Bien, B. Wojszel, M. Rybaczuk, P. Czekanowski, P. Błędowski, B. Synak, W. Pędich for the EUROFAMCARE group: Germany: Döhner H. (Project Coordinator), Kofahl C., Luedecke D., Mnich E. (Hamburg) and Rothgang H., Becker R. (Bremen); Greece: Mestheneos E. (PI), Triantafillou J. (PI), Prouskas C., Mestheneos K.; Italy: Lamura G. (PI), Balducci C., Melchiorre M.G., Quattrini S., Spazzafumo L.; Poland: Bien B. (PI), Wojszel B., Synak B., Czekanowski P., Bledowski P.; Sweden: Öberg B. (PI), Krevers B., Johansson S.L.; United Kingdom: McKee K. (PI), Barber L., Brown J., Nolan M. Family Support for Dependent Older People in Europe VII International Long Term Care Conference, Toruń, 21-23 of September 2004
Pierwsza strona Background demographic transition increasing life expectancy n The demographic transition, as a shift from high fertility and high mortality, to low fertility and low mortality, results in increasing life expectancy. epidemiological transition predominance of chronic disease in old age n The epidemiological transition shows the change from a predominance of infectious diseases, with high maternal and child mortality, to a predominance of chronic disease in old age. dependency n An effect of chronic disorders causes a limitation in functional abilities. Inability to perform ADL leads todependency - the need for human help (or care), coming mainly from family members - caregivers
Pierwsza strona Prerequisites: n Situation of family carers can be classified on domains relating to (1) cared-for persons; (2) carers own conditions or characteristics; as well as (3) to surroundings or external conditions (i.e. infrastructure of supporting services); n Socio-medical differences between the compared disabled and dependent older people in each country may influence or explain the differences in results from those countries; n Common methodological approach applied in the EUROFAMCARE study should enable reading the results as representative for each of the six core countries involved (to some extent for Europe?), as well as allowing comparisons between countries
Pierwsza strona Aims of the presentation: n Who are the dependent older people in six European countries? n How do they differ between themselves in relation to: -age structure, gender, civil status; -living conditions; -domains of required help or support, -cognitive or behavioural disorders, -level of dependency in term of I-ADL, mobility and P-ADL n Do these differences influence the family caregivers situation? [for further analysis]
Pierwsza strona Definition of Dependency, Study design & Methodology n Proxy information about disabled >65 year old persons were collected from family member providing more than four hours of care/support a week; n Representativeness for countries (through the recruitment of the family carers - living in a priori chosen and defined urban and rural areas/sites of each country - carried out with saturation method); n Comparability between six European countries (common: mode of carers recruitment, numbers of national samples, protocol of study, tool applied)
Pierwsza strona Dependency of the cared for persons (Carers subjective perception) [in%]
Pierwsza strona I-ADL score (min 0; max 12) & percentile distribution (n=5893)
Pierwsza strona P-ADL: Barthel score (min 0;max100) & percentile distribution (N=5707;in%)
Pierwsza strona Summary of early findings (1): n In general, the cared-for older people in Europe show similarity in terms of age structure, gender, civil status, cohabitation model and level of disability; however significant differences between countries are observed. n In all of the countries studied (to a lesser extent in Sweden) the majority of the cared-for persons were women, persons in advanced old age, widowed and living at home. n The most significant socio-demographic features differentiating the compared communities were: 1) the cared for persons cohabitation (with or apart from family) 2) the number of persons living in the same household. Living together with numerous family is most typical in Poland and to a less extent in Greece while living apart from family predominates in other compared countries.
Pierwsza strona Summary of early findings (2): n The physical illness or disability, age-related decline, memory/cognitive disorders or mobility problems were the main reasons for care in subjective caregivers opinion. n The cared-for older people show numerous and complex requirements for help and support. Amongst different kinds of need the requirement for help in terms of domestic work, emotional/social support, transportation, management of Elders finances, management of caring process and assistance with medication or treatment were most prevalent. n Memory and cognitive disorders were present in one third of cared-for persons in the whole sample; less often in Greece, UK and Poland and more often in Germany, Sweden and Italy. n Health status and level of disability both in subjective caregivers opinion as well as based on objective ADL-scales showed better indices in Poland, Greece and UK and worse in Italy, Sweden and Germany. The explanation for these differences requires further in-depth analysis.