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Progressive Reform for Women & African Americans.

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Presentation on theme: "Progressive Reform for Women & African Americans."— Presentation transcript:

1 Progressive Reform for Women & African Americans

2 Vocabulary Words Jane Adams Ida Tarbell Florence Kelley Prohibition Suffrage NAWSA Susan B Anthony Booker T Washington WEB DuBois NAACP

3 Women during the Progressive Era Jane Adams led the Settlement House movement Muckraker Ida Tarbell exposed monopoly abuses of Standard Oil Florence Kelley helped bring about child & women labor laws Carrie Nation & Frances Willard helped push for Prohibition Florence Kelley

4 Women’s Rights In most states, married women could not divorce or own property Women could not vote but African Americans, immigrants and illiterate men could Women workers were paid less than men for doing the same jobs Middle & Upper class women were expected to have the child rearing roles in the home

5 Reforms for Women Women reformers gained laws that banned prostitution & limited work hours for women to 10 hours Margaret Sanger promoted birth control for women Her journals provided contraceptive information for poor & middle class women Sanger opened the 1 st birth control cling in the US in 1915

6 Women’s Suffrage Suffrage – the right to vote Women have demanded suffrage (the right to vote) since Seneca Falls in 1848 Frustration built in 1870 when the 18 th Amendment gave African American MEN the right to vote but not women

7 NAWSA – National American Women Suffrage Association Formed in 1890 Leaders Susan B Anthony & Carrie Chapman Catt Pressured state to let women vote Called for national suffrage amendment By 1900’s most western states allowed women to vote 1902 the 19 th Amendment have women the right to vote

8 African- Americans during the Progressive Era By 1990 - 80% of African Americans lived as sharecroppers in the South Poll taxes, literacy test limited black voting Lynching & violence were common Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) allowed Jim Crow Laws - segregation – Separate but Equal

9 Leaders for African Americans African American leaders were divided on how to address the racial problems Booker T Washington – Harvard educated, studied black urban culture & was 1 st President of Tuskegee University His “Atlanta Compromise” stressed black self improvement

10 WEB DuBois was more aggressive Led the Niagara Movement in 1905 calling for immediate civil rights, integrated schools, & promotion of the “Talented 10 th ” to be the next generation of black civil rights leaders NAACP – National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Formed in 1909 Fought for black equality using lawsuits to fight against segregation and voting restriction's DuBoise was in charge of The Crisis, a publication that called attention to their cause

11 Reforms for Women & African Americans Women received better work conditions and voting rights throughout the US African American reforms failed Segregation and lynching were common throughout the South and in many parts of the US

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