Presentation on theme: "GOVERNMENT OF LATIN AMERICA"— Presentation transcript:
1 GOVERNMENT OF LATIN AMERICA SS6CG1 - The student will compare and contrast various forms of governmentSS6CG2 – The student will explain the structures of national governments in Latin America and the CaribbeanGOVERNMENT OF LATIN AMERICA
2 ELEMENTSDescribe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federal Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, and democratic Describe the two predominant forms of democratic governments: parliamentary and presidential Compare the federal republic systems of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the United Mexican to the dictatorship of Republic of Cuba, distinguishing the form of leadership and the role of the citizen in terms of voting rights and personal freedoms
3 ESSENTIAL QUESTIONSHow do the unitary, confederation, and federal government systems distribute power?How do autocratic, oligarchic, and democratic governments determine citizen participation?What are the components of parliamentary and presidential government?How do the federal governments of Brazil, Mexico, and Cuba differ?What forms of leadership do the governments in Brazil, Mexico, and Cuba have, and how are the leaders of these countries chosen?What level of voting rights and personal freedoms do citizens have in Brazil, Mexico, and Cuba?
4 DISTRIBUTION OF POWERGovernments have three basic ways they can distribute powerUnitary SystemIn this system, one central government has all the power and makes the laws, while also giving smaller units like cities and towns other forms of power.The central government has the final say on all decision makingFederal SystemIn this system, the central government divides the power with smaller units, like a statePower is given to the regional and local governments, but the central government deals with issues that affect the entire countryConfederation SystemIn this system, each smaller unit has the final say on all decision making and lawsCentral government only makes decisions when they affect the entire confederationRarest system in the world
5 EXAMPLES OF GOVERNMENT SYSTEMS UNITARY FEDERAL CONFEDERATION
6 CITIZEN PARTICIPATION IN GOVERNMENT Autocracy“Rule by one”One leader holds all the powerCitizens do not participate in any government choices (voting, taxes)Oligarchy“Rule by few”Small group holds all the powerUsually the wealthyOnly the powerful people have citizenship participationDemocracy“Rule by the people”Citizens hold the powerCitizens participate in the government (voting, taxes)Citizens are all equal
7 EXAMPLES OF CITIZEN PARTICIPATION Autocracy – Nazi Germany Oligarchy – U.S.S.R Democracy – United States
8 TYPES OF DEMOCRACY: PARLIAMENTARY VS PRESIDENTIAL Parliamentary DemocracyPresidential DemocracyPower controlled by legislatureCalled ParliamentHeaded by prime ministerHas a cabinetAnswers to the legislatureGovernment stays in power indefinitelyOnly way to lose power is if prime minster loses support of the majority party, which causes him to resignThree branches of government with equal powersExecutive, Legislative, JudicialChecks and balances allows each branch to keep the other from having too much powerPeople elect the president, and he answers to his voters
11 BRAZIL – FEDERAL REPUBLIC Brazil has a federal system and is led by a president who has a four year term. The president is elected by the citizens. Brazil has a bicameral, or two house, law making body called the National Congress. The houses are the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate. Brazil’s citizens have basic rights and freedoms, such as voting, free speech and free assembly, but it is mandatory for citizens between the ages of 18 and 70 to vote.
12 MEXICO - FEDERATIONMexico also has a federal system, and the leader is the president, who serves six years. The president has more power than the other branches of government. The law-making group has two houses, the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. Like Brazil, it is mandatory to vote once you turn Citizens of Mexico have free speech, free religion and free assembly.
13 CUBA - REPUBLICCuba is led by a president who is the total ruler and authoritarian. He leads the only political party, the Communist Party. The law-making group is the National Assembly of People’s Power, and it has one house, the Council of States. Together the Council and Communist party make laws and control the economy. Citizens must vote starting at 16, but can only vote for who the party wants. Citizens do not enjoy personal freedoms and can be jailed for their actions.