Presentation on theme: "Warm Up Create your booklet and glue it to page 37. Due the following pages on the following days. Thursday (2/26): TABLE 11-1 Friday (2/27): TABLE 11-2."— Presentation transcript:
Warm Up Create your booklet and glue it to page 37. Due the following pages on the following days. Thursday (2/26): TABLE 11-1 Friday (2/27): TABLE 11-2 Monday (3/2): TABLE 11-4, TABLE 11-6 Tuesday (3/3): TABLE 11-7 Wednesday (3/4): TABLE 11-5, TABLE 11-3
How did people manufacture goods before the industrial revolution? Cottage Industry Skilled Labor
How did the War of 1812 contributed to industrialization?
Embargo Act/War of 1812 Thomas Jefferson’s Embargo Act and the British blockade of the east coast during the War of 1812 contributed to industrialization by forcing Americans to rely on locally manufactured goods.
Bessemer Steel Process Steel allowed for skyscrapers and railroads to be built. Effect: People moved west in to the frontier and into urban areas.
Urbanization Why are people moving into cities and away from farms? To seek economic opportunities in manufacturing Chinese Immigrant Irish Immigrants German Immigrant German Immigrant Polka music! I’ve been working on the railroad! I could use a POTATO!
What are some problems that are associated with densely populated cities in the 19 th century?
The Factory System Low paid workers meant cheap goods. Assembly Lines allowed for goods to be made efficiently Women and children entered the workforce Poor Work Conditions led to long and dangerous work days.
The American military wants me to produce 10,000 muskets. How am I going to do this efficiently?
Interchangeable Parts Made repair and assembly of goods more efficient. It increased productivity and efficiency and decreased cost.
Interchangeable parts will be the cheapest! Hmm…. How should I build these guns most efficiently?
Assembly Line the assembly line allowed for unskilled labor to manufacture goods efficiently and affordably. Unskilled laborers assembled goods using interchangeable parts
Assembly Line Cottage Industry Can you think of any assembly lines in real life today?
Factories in the North Why are factories located near fast moving streams and rivers? Fast moving rivers in the north provided hydroelectricity to early factories. Access to water made the movement of goods efficient
Transportation Communication Agriculture Transcontinental Railroad Cotton GinTelegraph Canals Steamboat Mechanized Reaper Steel Plow Advancements during the Industrial Revolution
Transportation (Steam-Powered locomotive (TRAIN) Allowed for people and goods to travel quickly. Most tracks were in the North. In the South, rivers were common transportation. Resulted in increased urbanization.
Transportation (Canals) Using a steamboat against the river was hard work. Instead, man made rivers called canals helped gets goods to markets easily. The Erie Canal allowed farmers in the NW to ships goods and people. It contributed to urbanization in the NW territory.
Transportation (Steamboat) Invented by Robert Fulton. Steamboats were a great way to travel goods/people on rivers long distances. It was especially good going against river currents (Mississippi River).
Communication TelegraphTelegraph- Invented by Samuel Morse. The telegraph allowed people to communicate long distances to family or business. Telegraph lines followed railroad tracks as they went WEST. Morse Code was used to communicate.
What’s faster? A text message or Morse code? Jamestown was founded in 1607. The HOB was the first representative assembly.
Mechanical Reaper- The mechanical reaper was invented by Cyrus McCormick. The reaper made it easier to harvest grains. This made food cheaper and more available. An increase in population resulted. Agriculture
Steel Plow: John Deere invented it in 1836. Good for cutting the rocky soil. Made planting crops much more efficient. Agriculture
Cotton Gin: Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. This separates the seeds from the cotton. Cotton production rose greatly from this invention but so did plantations and slavery in the south.
Blue/Brown book With a partner, complete the chart. Use both the brown and blue book to complete the assignment.
How is this image surprising for the 19 th century (1800s)?
Effects of the Industrial Revolution Urbanization Population Increase New Markets Women Work People move west Immigration Increases
The Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution 19 th century How did the War of 1812/Embargo Act contribute? What are cottage made goods? Describe the Bessemer Steel Process. What was it’s effect? What is the process of moving from Farms to Cities called? Why did people move to cities? The Factory System (notes) What are interchangeable parts? Why are they important to industrialization? What are assembly lines? Why are they important to industrialization? Why were factories built near water? Communication TransportationAgriculture
Videos The Industrial Revolution- http://www.history.com/topics/industrial- revolution/videos#industrial-revolutionhttp://www.history.com/topics/industrial- revolution/videos#industrial-revolution The Engine- http://www.history.com/topics/industrial-revolution/videos#steam- engine-drives-transportation-revolutionhttp://www.history.com/topics/industrial-revolution/videos#steam- engine-drives-transportation-revolution Erie Canal- http://www.history.com/shows/america-the-story-of- us/videos/building-the-erie-canalhttp://www.history.com/shows/america-the-story-of- us/videos/building-the-erie-canal Telegraph- http://www.history.com/topics/industrial-revolution/videos#the- telegraph-and-telephonehttp://www.history.com/topics/industrial-revolution/videos#the- telegraph-and-telephone Cotton Gin- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6eT4bNxkv-c America the Story of Us (Division 1 st 30 minutes)- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Go5J_UgF8Ck http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Go5J_UgF8Ck