Presentation on theme: "Plot of Drama Name of Group: 1. Dyna Panca Ranny 201110100311170 2. Lailatul Fitria201110100311181 3. Layli Nadhifah 201110100311195 4. Ajeng Diar Kartika201110100311200."— Presentation transcript:
Plot of Drama Name of Group: 1. Dyna Panca Ranny 201110100311170 2. Lailatul Fitria201110100311181 3. Layli Nadhifah 201110100311195 4. Ajeng Diar Kartika201110100311200 5. Putri Rahmayanti201110100311206
Definition of Plot Plot is the arrangement of events or the selection and order of scenes in a play. Plot is a literary term of the events a story comprises particulary as the related to one another in a pattern, a sequence, through cause and effect, or by coinsidence.
Plot is different from the story -- the story is WHAT happens ; the plot is HOW it happens. "A story is a full account of an event or series of events, usually in chronological order; a plot is a selection and arrangement of scenes.. " Aristotle, in The Poetics, said that plot is the soul of tragedy: it holds story together contains the incidents in the play, produces tragic effects, has the most tragic element (reversals, discoveries).
Freytag’s Analysis Gustav Freytag (1816-1865) was a Nineteenth Century German novelist and Dramatist who saw common patterns in the plots of stories and novels and developed a diagram to analyze them. He diagrammed a story’s plot using a pyramid.
Element of Plot 1. Exposition: The writer introduces the characters and setting, the scene providing description and background. 2. Rising Action: The story builds and gets more exciting 3. Inciting Incident (Complication): something happens to begin the action. A single event usually signals the beginning of the main conflict. The inciting incident is sometimes called 'the complication'. 4. Climax: The moment of greatest tension in a story event. It is the event that the rising action builds up to and that the falling action follows.
5. Resolution/ Reversal: The character solves the main problem/conflict or someone solves it for him or her. 6. Falling Action: The events happen as a result of the climax and we know that the story will soon end. 7. Dénouement/ Catastrophe: (a French term, pronounced: day -noo-moh) the ending. At this point, any remaining secrets, questions or mysteries which remain after the resolution are solved by the characters or explained by the author.
Types of Plot A Dramatic or Progressive Plot : This is a chronological structure which first establishes the setting and conflict, then follows the rising action through to a climax (the peak of the action and turning point), and concludes with a denouement (a wrapping up of loose ends).
An Episodic Plot : This is also a chronological structure, but it consists of a series of loosely related incidents, usually of chapter length, tied together by a common theme and/or characters. Episodic plots work best when the writer wishes to explore the personalities of the characters, the nature of their existence, and the flavor of an era.
A Parallel Plot: The writer weaves two or more dramatic plots that are usually linked by a common character and a similar theme. A Flashback : This structure conveys information about events that occurred earlier. It permits authors to begin the story in the midst of the action but later fill in the background for full understanding of the present events. Flashbacks can occur more than once and in different parts of a story