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Frevo Pernambucos Carnival Music. The Term Frevo Related to the verb ferver (to boil over) Vernacular slang for the exuberance of carnival revelers in.

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Presentation on theme: "Frevo Pernambucos Carnival Music. The Term Frevo Related to the verb ferver (to boil over) Vernacular slang for the exuberance of carnival revelers in."— Presentation transcript:

1 Frevo Pernambucos Carnival Music

2 The Term Frevo Related to the verb ferver (to boil over) Vernacular slang for the exuberance of carnival revelers in Recife 1907: term frevo first appears in print

3 Timeline of the Frevo 1800sEuropean marching band and Afro- Brazilian capoeira mix 1880s Pedestrian Carnival Clubes, marcha-frevo, fanfarras develop 1920sBlocos Carnavalescos, Marcha de Bloco 1930sFrevos recorded by orchestras and broadcast in Brazils music industry 1950sFirst recording studio in Recife opens (Rozenblit) 1960sModern frevo orquestra develops

4 Military and Civic Bands in Nineteenth-Century Brazil National impact cutting across region, social class, race Bandmasters and European-style musical literacy Civic Bands and cultural cosmopolitanism Rivalry and Competition

5 Contexts of Marching Band Performance Community-wide religious processions Elite masquerade balls during Carnival time Civic parades and functions of state

6 Pernambuco Bands Strong tradition of Rivalry Capoeira groups and enthusiastic fans

7 CapoeiraCapoeira Afro-Brazilian resistance in colonial times 19th-century urban street culture Link to Bands in Pernambuco WebPage

8 Roda de Capoeira WebPage

9 Passistas Frevo Dancers YouTube

10 Frevo de Rua Instrumental frevo Played by fanfarra (marching bands) during Carnival Two-part structure Syncopated melodic lines

11 Capitão Zuzinha José Lourenço da Silva ( )

12 Fanfarras Early 1900s Requinta/Clarinet Trumpet Two Trombones Two Horns Two Tubas Bombardino Snare, Surdo

13 Expanded Fanfarras s Additional trombones Pandeiro added

14 Blocos Carnavalescos 1920s Middle-class Family Oriented Coral Feminino Orquestra de Pau e Corda YouTube

15 Coral Feminino

16 Orquestra de Pau e Corda Clarinet Flute Saxophone Trumpet Guitar Cavaquinho Mandolin Banjo

17 Frevo and Brazils Popular Music Industry 1930s and 1940s –Frevos recorded in Rio de Janeiro –PRA-8 Radio Orchestra in Recife under direction of Nelson Ferreira 1950s Discos Rozenblit opens in Recife 1960s Modern orchestras

18 Recorded Frevos Frevo –Two-part instrumental frevo based on the frevo de rua –Performed by a frevo orchestra Frevo-canção –Solo song frevo sung by popular singer –Accompanied by a frevo orchestra Frevo de bloco –Marcha de bloco song sung by a coral feminino –Accompanied by an orchestra de pau e corda

19 Orquestra de Frevo Radio and society orchestras from Recife 1920s-1950s –Added saxophones –Upright bass and piano often added –Accompanied popular singers Modern Frevo Orchestra (1960s-present) –Added electric bass –Added drum set

20 José Menezes Early band experience (1930s) Jazz Band Acadêmica (1940s) PRA-8 Radio Orchestra under Nelson Ferreira (1950s) TV Radio Club Musical Director and Bandleader (1960s-present)

21 José Menezes

22 Orquestra de Frevo de José Menezes


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