Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Executive Branch. “The Role of the President”

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The Executive Branch. “The Role of the President”"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Executive Branch

2 “The Role of the President”

3  The President of the United States is a very powerful person who plays many roles in the government.  However, the President’s power is deliberately limited by the Constitution.

4  The President is the head of the executive branch, the branch of government responsible for executing, or carrying out the law.  This heavy responsibility goes with an office that many think is the most powerful in the world. The President carry out the laws.

5  In creating the presidency, the Framers did not want a leader with unlimited powers.  One limit on the President’s power is the term of office.  The President is elected for a term of four years and must run for reelection in order to serve a second term.  No President may hold office for more than two terms.  Congress must approve many presidential decisions.  To be President, a person must be at least 35 years old and a natural-born citizen of the United States.  He or she must have lived in the United States for at least 14 years. The President's salary is set by Congress.

6  The President serves as chief executive, or head of the executive branch.  The President shall be commander in chief of the Army and Navy of the United States.  The President is also our chief diplomat, the most important representative of the United States in relation with other nations.  The President leads in making foreign policy, the set of plans for guiding our nation’s relationship with other countries.  Domestic policy a set of plans for dealing with national problems.

7  The Senate must approve the Presidents appointments of ambassadors.  Ambassadors are the official representatives to foreign governments.  A President can sign a treaty before Senate approval.  The President does have freedom, to make executive agreements, agreements with other countries that do not need Senate approval.  The President also chooses Supreme Court Justices and other federal judges with the approval of Congress.


9 The Judicial Branch

10 The Role of the Federal Courts

11  Our legal system provides a framework for resolving conflicts and protecting the rights of citizens. Federal and state courts hear criminal and civil cases. The Supreme Court hears a handful of those cases on appeal.

12  The judicial Branch of the federal government is made up of the Supreme Court and more than 100 other federal courts.  The most important members of judicial branch are judges.  The judges of the judicial branch have a very important role in our government.  The President appoint judges to serve on a special federal courts.  Unlike legislators, federal judges should be impartial.

13  Legal conflicts in our country are resolved by courts of laws.  Courts resolve two kinds of legal conflicts criminal and civil cases.  In criminal case, a court determines whether a person is found innocent or guilty. If a person is found guilty, the court also decides what the punishment will be.  In a civil case a court settles a disagreements.  Both sides in a court case are called the parties.  The framework for the federal court system was created by the Constitution.

14  The typical civil case is brought to court by a party called the plaintiff, an individual or a group of people who bring a complaint against another party.  The defendant is the party who answers a complaint and defends against it. The defendant maybe an individual, a group, or a government body.  The defendant in the case: The People of Florida vs. Jones is Jones.  In contrast, a criminal case is always brought to court by prosecution, a government body that brings a criminal charge against a defendant who is accused of breaking one of its laws. The prosecution is referred to as “The People” and is represented by a government lawyer known as a prosecutor.

15  The process of interpretation is an important job of the courts.  Court’s decision can establish a precedent, a guideline for how all similar cases should be decided in the future.  A precedent makes the meaning of law or the Constitution clearer.  Precedent helps judges make a decisions because they may find an earlier case similar to the current case  The Jury decide the facts in a case.  The Court’s decision in Brown v. Board of Education established a precedent that made any law segregating blacks and whites unconstitutional.

16  Our legal system is made up of two separate but interconnected court systems, the states and federal government.  Most legal cases begin at the level of state government.  The purpose of the Judiciary Act to establish lower courts.  When the original jurisdiction makes a decision that the plaintiff and the defendant in the case believes is unjust they have right to appeal, to ask a higher court to review the decision and determine if justice was done.


18  The workhorse of the federal court system are the district courts  There are 94 district courts scattered across the United States.  The courts of appeals handle appeals from the federal district. In fact the courts of appeals are often called circuit courts.  In a court system, a circuit is a geographic area.

19  The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land. They serve as the final court appeals for both the state and federal courts systems.  One of the most important powers of Supreme Court is judicial review, the power to overturn any law that the Court decides is in conflict with the Constitution.  Supreme Court hears cases about Constitutional issues.

20  Most Supreme Court decisions are accompanied by an opinion, a written statement explaining the reason for the decision.

Download ppt "The Executive Branch. “The Role of the President”"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google