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Published bySharlene Brooks Modified over 3 years ago

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Metric System (SI Units) “I’m ten times better than the Standard system of measurement!”

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Metric System The metric system is based on a base unit that corresponds to a certain type of measurement. –Example: Length = meter Volume= liter Weight (Mass) = gram

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Metric System Prefixes plus base units make up the metric system! –Example: Centi + meter = Centimeter Kilo + liter = Kiloliter

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Metric System kilohectodeca Base Units meter gram liter decicentimilli

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Metric System The three prefixes that we will use the most are: –kilo –centi –milli

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Metric System So if you needed to measure length you would choose ? as your base unit meter –Length of a tree branch 1.5 meters –Length of a room 5 meters –Length of a ball of twine stretched out 25 meters

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Metric System But what if you need to measure a longer distance, like from your house to school? –Let’s say you live approximately 1 mile from school 1 mile = 1609 meters –1609 is a big number, but what if you add a prefix to the base unit, you make it easier to manage: 1609 meters = 1.609 kilometers (or 16.1 if rounded to 1 decimal place)

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Metric System These prefixes are based on powers of 10. What does this mean? –From each prefix every “step” is either: 10 times larger (to the right) or 10 times smaller (to the left) kilohectodeca meter liter gram decicentimilli 1101001000.10.01.001

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Metric System The metric prefixes are based on powers of 10. What does this mean? All of the unit relationships in the metric system are based on multiples of ten. So it easy to convert between units; just multiply and divide. The SI system uses prefixes to represent multiples of the base units. All of the prefixes represent powers of ten. Base unit = 1 Kilo(base) = 1/1000 th Cent(base) = 100 Milli(base) = 1000

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Metric System For example: Centimeters are 10 times larger than millimeters So.. 1 centimeter = 10 millimeters kilohectodeca meter liter gram decicentimilli 1101001000.10.01.001

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Metric System 1 centimeter = 10 millimeters 1 mm 1 cm 40 41 40

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Metric System For example, let’s go from a base unit to centi-. For each “step” to right, you are multiplying by 10. 1 liter = 10 deciliters = 100 centiliters kilo hectodeca meter liter gram deci centimilli ( 1 x 10 = 10) = (10 x 10 = 100) 110010

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Metric System Lets Try: 2 grams = 20 decigrams = 200 centigrams kilo hectodeca meter liter gram deci centimilli 110010 (2 x 10 = 20) = (20 x 10 = 200)

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Metric System KiloHectodeca Base Units meter gram liter decicentimilli 1.10.100.1000.

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Metric System Another way to move within the metric system is by moving the decimal point one place for each “step” desired. Example: change meters to centimeters 1.00 meter =

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Metric System Another way to convert within the metric system is by moving the decimal point one place for each “step” desired. Example: change meters to centimeters 1.00 meter =

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Metric System Another way to move within the metric system is by moving the decimal point one place for each “step” desired. Example: change meters to centimeters 1.00 meter = 10.0 decimeters

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Metric System Another way to move within the metric system is by moving the decimal point one place for each “step” desired. Example: change meters to centimeters 1.00 meter = 10.0 decimeters = 100. centimeters

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Metric System KiloHectodeca Base Units meter gram liter decicentimilli 1.10.100. So for every “step” from the base unit to centi, we moved the decimal 1 place to the right.

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Metric System Now let’s try our previous example from meters to kilometers: 1609 meters = ? kilometers So for every “step” from the base unit to kilo, we moved the decimal 1 place to the left. Kilohectodeca meter liter gram decicentimilli 1609.160.916.091.609

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Metric System If you move to the left (in the diagram), move the decimal to the left If you move to the right (in the diagram), move the decimal to the right Kilohectodeca meter liter gram decicentimilli

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Metric System Now, let’s start from centimeters and convert to kilometers 400000 centimeters = ? 400000. centimeters = 4.00000 kilometers kilohectodeca meter liter gram decicentimilli

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Metric System Now let’s start from meters and convert to kilometers 4000. meters = kilo hectodeca meter liter gram decicentimilli kilohectodeca meter liter gram decicentimilli Now let’s start from centimeters and convert to meters 4000. centimeters = ? Kilometers 4 Kilometers ? meters40 meters

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Metric System Now let’s start from meters and convert to centimeters 5 meters = ? Centimeters = kilohectodeca meter liter gram decicentimilli kilohectodeca meter liter gram decicentimilli Now let’s start from kilometers and convert to meters.3 kilometers = ? Meters = 500 cm 300 cm

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Metric System Now let’s start from kilometers and convert to millimeters 4 kilometers = ? millimeters 4 kilometers = 40 hectometers = 400 decameters = 4000 meters = 40000 decimeters = 400000 centimeters = 4000000 millimeters kilohectodeca meter liter gram decicentimilli

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Metric System Summary –Base units in the metric system are meter, liter, gram –Metric system is based on powers of 10 –For conversions within the metric system, each “step” is 1 decimal place to the right or left –Using the diagram below, converting to the right, moves the decimal to the right and vice versa kilohectodeca meter liter gram decicentimilli

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