Presentation on theme: "The Enlightenment: Astell & Wollstonecraft How do women influence the Enlightenment?"— Presentation transcript:
The Enlightenment: Astell & Wollstonecraft How do women influence the Enlightenment?
Mary Astell 1666-1731, born in England Was committed to equal rights for women Wrote A Serious Proposal to Ladies Influences: Women’s rights movements Nicknamed “The First English Feminist” Astell argues against other Enlightenment philosophers ideas because of the unequal relationship between men & women Discusses the serious lack of educational opportunities for women Quote: “If all men are born free, how is it that women are born slaves?” (critical of Locke) Astell’s ideas influence Mary Wollstonecraft
Mary Wollstonecraft 1759-1797, born in Britain (England) Committed to gender equality and co-education Wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Women Influences: Co-education, 19 th Amendment, Title IX During this period, many males scolded women for reading because it would encourage wickedness Wollstonecraft urged women to read arguing that Enlightenment should apply to both men & women. Philosophers like Rousseau argued strongly for education but said that girls should be educated on how to be a helpful wife & mother She wrote that women’s education should not be secondary to men’s She urged women to enter male-dominated fields allowing Women to become productive members of society Q: Does today’s society believe in the ideas of Wollstonecraft & Astell?