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Nucleic Acid Basics Contain instructions to build proteins 2 types:DNA RNA Composed of smaller units called nucleotides Monomer: Nucleotide Polymer: Nucleic acid
Nucleotide Structure Three partsSugar molecule Phosphate group Nitrogen base (1 of 4 types) Nitrogen Base arrangement determines protein created
Monomers link to make polymersMonomers link to make polymers! Nucleic Acids Monomer = Nucleotide Polymer = Nucleic acid
DNA Double Helix: 2 chains of nucleotidesDNA bases: Adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine A pairs with T C pairs with G DNA stores the info required to make a protein Gene: section of DNA that codes for a protein
Nucleotides? How many
RNA 1 chain of nucleotidesRNA bases: Adenine, uracil, cytosine, guanine Copy the DNA code… deliver code to ribosome to make a protein
NUCLEIC ACIDS : DNA and RNA Nucleic Acids Very Large, Complex, DNA & RNA Store Important Info in the Cell. (Genetic Information) ATP is an energy carrier.
Nucleic Acids Not considered a nutrient macromolecule
Nucleic Acids The amino acid sequence of a polypeptide is programmed by genes. Genes consist of DNA, which is a polymer belonging to the class of compounds.
Nucleic Acids Nucleic Acid Basics Contain instructions to build proteins 2 types: – DNA – RNA Composed of smaller units called nucleotides – Monomer:
– Carbohydrates – Lipids (fats) – Proteins – Nucleic Acids Organic molecules are the molecules in living things There are four types of organic (carbon-based)
Nucleic Acids. Elements Nucleic Acids Contain C, H, O,N, P.
Family Resemblances Why do siblings often look alike?
Nucleic Acids Organic Molecules: Carbohydrates Proteins Lipids Nucleic Acids.
Identify the structure of DNA Identify the structure of RNA Compare and contrast the structures of DNA and RNA in terms of nucleotides and base pairs.
Nucleic Acids Nucleic Acid Basics Contain instructions to build proteins 2 types: – DNA – RNA Blueprint to build a car Protein built from DNA instructions.
Nucleic Acids -DNA and RNA
How DNA helps make you you. DNA Function Your development and survival depend on… Your development and survival depend on… which proteins your cells.
8.1 DNA Structure & Function. Nucleic Acids DNA & RNA are nucleic acids Monomer? ▫Nucleotides 5-C Sugar P N- Base.
Date DNA. ✤ DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid ✤ DNA carries all the genetic information of living organisms.
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Chapter 12 – DNA and Proteins DNA Structure: DNA is made of many smaller subunits called nucleotides.
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