Presentation on theme: "Definition Usually translated as ghosts, but the category is much broader in the Japanese mind frame. Spirits may be a better approximation of the word."— Presentation transcript:
Definition Usually translated as ghosts, but the category is much broader in the Japanese mind frame. Spirits may be a better approximation of the word.
Different Types Tailing boy 後追い小僧 (Ato-oi-kozou) Ghost Fire 人魂 (Hito-dama) Doppleganger 生霊 (Ikiryou) Specter 死霊 (Shiryou) Laboring Maiden 産女 (Ubu-me) Snow Woman 雪女 (Yuki-Onna) General Ghost 幽霊 (Yuurei)
Tailing boy 後追い小僧 (Ato-oi-kozou) Mountain spirits of deceased children originally from anywhere, not just mt. Young children (4-10) Dressed in rags and furs No footprints Harmless Get rid of by leaving some food on a rock or stump
Ghost Fire 人魂 (Hito-dama) Floating ball of fire Occurs when organic matter decomposes, giving off phosphorous gases Roaming spirit of dead person
Doppleganger 生霊 (Ikiryou) Spirits of living people Looks just like person they originated from Visible or invisible Intense negative emotions (envy, jealousy, hate, anger, etc.) Living person rarely aware Haunt house of target
Specter 死霊 (Shiryou) Grotesque Show signs of death Extremely violent deaths Not social or interested in talking Haunt area, not person
Laboring Maiden 産女 (Ubu-me) Woman holding baby in arms wearing red skirt, dyed red from recently giving birth When woman dies during childbirth Appears near rivers and bridges on rainy nights Ask stranger to hold baby; if strong enough to hold baby for awhile, freed from ghost condition
Snow Woman 雪女 (Yuki-Onna) Beautiful young lady Pale skin White kimono Travel around snowy countryside Freezes people during cold winter nights
General Ghost 幽霊 (Yuurei) Wandering ghost Female Is the norm Beautiful young woman w/ long flowing hair No legs & lame hands White kimono Hitakakushi (triangular piece of paper) Put on forehead to allow reikon to reunite w/ ancestors
Maruyama Okyo (1733-1795), The Ghost of Oyuki, Eighteenth Century Tribute to one of deceased lovers Scroll painting Based on dream after woman’s death Reflection of love and adoration Beauty of woman in memory and haunting spirit in death
Long straight hair Erect body Beckoning hands Pale clothing Fragile figure Fading form
Utagawa Kuniyoshi (1797-1861), The Nightly Weeping Rock
Local folktale Stone marked along Tokaido roadway Ghost of mother (murdered on road) returns her saved child to husband
Husband face marked by compassion for murdered wife & the gift of returning their child Leans away from the ghost due to fear and loathing of the specter
Ghost: Sadness for her murder, happiness for the rescue of child Emotional expressions & attitudes are manifestations of their suffering
Contrasting colors Blue sash of father Orange robe of baby Contrasting light Moon & flame of ghost Darkness of night Tension & movement Duality
Kawanabe Kyosai (1830 - 1889) Known for paintings of ghosts, demons, and supernatural Different versions of the Night Procession of the Hundred Deomns Aspects of Buddhist hell Ghost scrolls, influential in kabuki costume
Buddhist Scrolls 12 th -14 th century scrolls painted by Buddhist monks Depictions of gruesome scenes of Hell Show Buddhist followers what would happen to them if they committed sins in their earthly lives.
What we have seen up until now is mostly yūrei associated more with Japanese folktales, which in Japanese as 民話 (Minwa), abbreviated form of 民間説話 (Minkan Setsuwa). 民話 (Minwa) can be divided into subcategories: 昔話 (Mukashibanashi), 伝説 (Densetsu).
Subcategories of 民話 (Minwa) 昔話 (Mukashibanashi) tales passed down orally time and place of the story is ambiguous 伝説 (Densetsu): Legend passed down with belief time and place of the story is concrete
TODAY Use these two phrases interchangeably. Folktales are continually passed down to later generations Emergence of fiction and 都市伝説（ Toshi Densetsu ） changed the depiction of “yūrei”.
都市伝説（ Toshi Densetsu ） urban legend, urban tales, urban narratives, modern and contemporary legend. recent stories that takes place within a society or groups of people that are believed to be true. Murder story on news Personal accounts of supernatural encounters Younger generation
Developments in these new forms of ghost stories have more of less changed the appearance of Yūrei.
Continuity & Change Continuity Transparent, pale, white Vengeful Change Movement away from excessively horrific and gruesome images Kawaii culture Change in Audience Not all bent on revenge